Αιγεύς Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας

ΑΡΘΡΑ | 2023

The early management of cattle (Bos taurus) in Neolithic central Anatolia

Antiquity 83, No. 321 (September 2009): 669–686.

The authors use metrical, demographic and body part analyses of animal bone assemblages in Anatolia to demonstrate how cattle were incorporated into early Neolithic subsistence economies. Sheep and goats were domesticated in the eighth millennium BC, while aurochs, wild cattle, were long hunted. The earliest domesticated cattle are not noted until the mid-seventh millennium BC, and derive from imported stock domesticated elsewhere. In Anatolia, meanwhile, the aurochs remains large and wild and retains its charisma as a hunted quarry and a stud animal.

Floor sequences in Neolithic Makri, Greece: micromorphology reveals cycles of renovation

Antiquity 83, No. 322 (December 2009): 955–967

Dating and examination of plaster floor sequences by micromorphology at a tell site in Greece shows when they were made and how they were composed. While numerous informal floor surfaces using recycled rubbish were put in place, as and when, by the occupants, formal floors rich in plaster seem to have been re-laid at regular intervals in reflection of a communal decision – even if the actual floors followed a recipe determined by each household. The authors rightly champion the potential of the technique as a possible indicator of social change at the household and settlement level.

For Gods or men? A reappraisal of the function of European Bronze Age shields

Antiquity 83, No. 322 (December 2009): 1052–1064.

Are the imposing, decorated copper-alloy shields of Bronze Age Europe symbolic objects or functioning weapons? The author undertakes new analysis and experiments to conclude that whether bronze, leather or wood, all shields had a range of purpose in which the ceremonial and homicidal could rarely be completely isolated.

Η Ήλιδα και η ευρύτερη περιοχή της κατά τη μυκηναϊκή εποχή

Στο Η. Ανδρέου & Ι. Ανδρέου-Ψυχογιού (επιμ.), 2009. Ήλις, παρελθόν, παρόν και μέλλον. Πρακτικά εκδήλωσης προς τιμήν Ν. Γιαλούρη (Ήλις, 13 Αυγούστου 2006) (Πύργος Ηλείας): 21-36.

Η συγγραφέας εξετάζει την περιοχή της Ηλείας κατά τη μυκηναϊκή περίοδο. Έμφαση δίνεται στην περιοχή της Αγίας Τριάδας, όπου βρέθηκαν 50 θαλαμωτοί τάφοι (40 στη θέση Αγιάννης και 10 στη θέση Σπηλιές). Συμπεριλαμβάνεται έγχρωμο φωτογραφικό υλικό πολλών ευρημάτων.

Ομάδα ταφικών πίθων από ένα νεκροταφείο γεωμετρικών χρόνων στην Τράπεζα Αιγίου

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 11-32.

Δώδεκα ταφικοί πίθοι ανασκάφτηκαν στη θέση Τράπεζα, κοντά στο Αίγιο (Αχαΐα). Ανάμεσα στα κτερίσματα υπήρχε κεραμική, κοσμήματα από χαλκό και σίδηρο, καθώς και σιδερένια όπλα. Με βάση την τυπολογική ανάλυση των κτερισμάτων οι τάφοι χρονολογούνται από τους Πρωτογεωμετρικούς έως τους Ύστερους Γεωμετρικούς χρόνους.

I sigilli del “Gruppo del suonatore di lira” dalla stipe dell’Athenaion di Jalysos (Lyre-Player Group seals from the repository of the Athenaion of Ialysos)

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 33-82.

The repository of the sanctuary of Athana Ialysia at Rhodes, excavated between 1923 and 1926, yielded more than 6300 pieces and is thus the most important on the island. The offerings date from the middle of the eighth to the end of the fourth century BC. Among these materials is an especially interesting group of seals of the Lyre-Player Group, comprising all of 27 specimens.

La ceramica fine del MM IIA di Festòs (The ceramic phase of MM IIA at Phaistos)

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 303-330.

The aim of this article is the presentation of the MM IIA ceramic phase of Protopalatial Phaistos. Since 1994, V. La Rosa and F. Carinci have been directing a new programme of excava­tions and revision of 1950-1966 Levi’s work at Phaistos, with support from the Italian Archaeological School in Athens

Iklaina archaeological project 2009 season. Internet report

Online article

The third excavation season of the Iklaina project took place for six weeks from May 29 to July 8, 2009. The project was conducted under the auspices of the Athens Archaeological Society and funded by the Hellenic Government-Karakas Foundation Chair in Greek Studies of the University of Missouri-St. Louis, the Institute for Aegean Prehistory, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Loeb Classical Library Foundation.

Warfare in Neolithic Thessaly: A case study

Hesperia 78 (2009): 165-194.

Cross-cultural archaeological and ethnographic evidence for warfare in farming societies invites us to reconsider the traditional picture of the Greek Neolithic (ca. 7000-3400 B.C.) as a period of peaceful coexistence among subsistence farmers. Archaeological correlates of intercommunal conflict in the prehistoric American Southwest and the widespread evidence for warfare in Neolithic Europe suggest that warfare is also likely to have taken place in Neolithic Greece. The well-known Neolithic record for Thessaly reveals evidence for warfare in defensive structures, weapons, and settlement patterns.

New reconstructions of the “Mykenaia” and a seated woman from Mycenae

American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009): 309-338.

Περίληψη (στα Αγγλικά)

This study presents evidence for reconstructing two frescoes, including the well-known “Mykenaia”, found at the Southwest Building at Mycenae. It argues that the “Mykenaia” did not depict a seated goddess facing right but a life-sized, standing woman striding to the left and that the other fresco portrays a half-life-sized enthroned woman, likely a goddess, facing right and

Royal gift exchange between Mycenae and Egypt: Olives as “greeting gifts” in the Late Bronze Age eastern Mediterranean

American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009): 339-352.

Περίληψη (στα Αγγλικά)

Contact between Egypt and the Aegean during the Late Bronze Age, especially the relationship between Minoan Crete and New Kingdom Egypt, has been the subject of numerous studies. The relationship between the Greek (Mycenaean) mainland and Egypt is generally regarded as a more elusive topic, and most scholars seem to consider interaction between the two, as a

Χρήστος Τσούντας (1857-1934)

Μέντωρ 91 (Απρίλιος 2009): 6-34.

Στο άρθρο παρουσιάζεται εν συντομία ο βίος του Χρήστου Τσούντα. Ξεκινά με τις σπουδές του, τις σχέσεις του με τον Στέφανο Α. Κουμανούδη, τον διορισμό του στην Αρχαιολογική Εταιρεία και κατόπιν στην Υπηρεσία, καθώς και τις πρώτες του δημοσιεύσεις. Ο Τσούντας άρχισε την καριέρα του ως κλασικός αρχαιολόγος, αλλά στα μέσα της δεκαετίας του 1880 στράφηκε αποκλειστικά στην προϊστορική αρχαιολογία.

Use of space in a Neolithic village in Greece (Makri): Phytolith analysis and comparison of phytolith assemblages from an ethnographic setting in the same area

Journal of Archaeological Science 36.10 (October 2009): 2342-2352.

Phytolith analyses were conducted in a pottery Neolithic village (Makri) of Northern Greece in order to reconstruct aspects of past human activities as a function of both space and time. The analyses of phytolith assemblages were based on a reference collection of modern plant phytoliths, as well as an ethnographic study in an agropastoral community (Sarakini) in the same area that showed that many phytolith assemblages are characteristic of the activities carried out in different locations within and around the village.

Of stamps, loom weights and spindle whorls: Contextual evidence on the function(s) of Neolithic stamps from Ulucak, İzmir, Turkey

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22.1 (2009): 3-27.

This study discusses the function(s) of Neolithic stamps and their designs by using two different lines of evidence. The function of the artifact itself is considered by using contextual information from the Neolithic site of Ulucak Höyük, located in the vicinity of İzmir in western Turkey. It will be argued that the co-occurrence of stamps with objects related to textile manufacturing – e.g. bone needles, spindle whorls and loom weights – at Ulucak allows us to interpret their function as stamps to make patterns, among other cultural media, on woven fabrics.