Wilhelm Dörpfeld’s book Alt-Ithaca presents the results of his excavations taken place not on Ithaca, as the title indicates, but on the island of Lefkada between the years 1901-1913. The reason why the famous architect of Heinrich Schliemann and later excavator of Troy gave this title to his book is simple. Dörpfeld believed that Lefkada was the real island of Odysseus, Ithaca. He was convinced not only by the impressive results of his excavations, but also by several passages from the Odyssey, which seemed to describe geographical locations of Lefkada. However, his theory was never accepted.