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The Political Geography of a Mycenaean District. The Archaeological Survey at Iklaina

The Political Geography of a Mycenaean District. The Archaeological Survey at Iklaina
  • City: Athens
  • Year: 2016
  • Publisher: Archaeological Society at Athens
  • Series: Βιβλιοθήκη της εν Αθήναις Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας Νο. 306
  • Description: Paperback, 238 p., 116 b/w & colour figures, 28x21.3
  • ISBN: 978-618-5047-27-6
  • Aegean Library: 3479

Abstract

The historic village of Iklaina is located approximately 14 km to the northeast of the modern town of Pylos. As early as 1909 Konstantinos Kourouniotis had reported ancient tools from the area, but it was not until 1954 that Iklaina became the object of targeted archaeological exploration. In July of that year Spyridon Marinatos came to the location Traghanes, about 2 km to the west of the village, to investigate reports of ancient artifacts found by the locals in their fields. During a four-day excavation he unearthed impressive finds, including thick walls, parts of a Cyclopean building, fragments of painted plaster, and copious amounts of Mycenaean pottery. Marinatos never returned to Iklaina and the site was left unexplored until the early 1990s, when Professor George Korres recommended that Michael Cosmopoulos continue its exploration. A preliminary reconnaissance was conducted in summer of 1997 and the Iklaina Archaeological Project (IKAP) was established later that year. Because Iklaina had been identified previously as one of the district capitals of the Mycenaean state of Pylos, the main objectives were to test this identification and then use Iklaina and the Pylian state as a case study for the investigation of the processes of state formation in Mycenaean Greece following a “bottom-up” approach - that is not from the perspective of the main palace, but from that of non-palatial settlements.

A first priority was to conduct a regional survey in order to place the site in its wider context and assess its standing in relation to other Mycenaean settlements in the area. The present volume presents the methods and results of that survey, conducted over the course of eight field seasons (1999-2006). Annual reports appeared in the Praktika of the Athens Archaeological Society for those years, but the final publication was put on hold because full-scale excavation followed immediately on the heels of the survey; this presented the archaeologists with an opportunity to not only compare the survey results to those of the excavation, but also to recover stratified pottery that would allow them to understand and date more efficiently the ceramics encountered during the survey.

The Iklaina Archaeological Project is conducted under the auspices of the Athens Archaeological Society.

Contents

Preface [xiii]

Abbreviations [xvii]

Introduction (Michael B. Cosmopoulos) [1-6]

Landscape and environment (Jennifer Glaubius) [7-20]

The topographical survey and spatial representation (Chris Mundigler & †Douglas Edward) [21-38]

The geophysical survey: imaging the architecture and settlement structure of Iklaina (Michael Boyd) [39-76]

Soil chemistry at Iklaina (Catherine Scott, Michael L. Galaty, Timothy J. Ward, Christie Kokel Rodriguez) [77-102]

The archaeological survey (Michael B. Cosmopoulos) [93-102]
Gazetter of sites and off-site scatters (Michael B. Cosmopoulos, Cynthia Shelmerdine, Joann Gulizio, Jennifer Glaubius) [103-156]

Pottery and other ceramic artifacts (Cynthia Shelmerdine, Joann Gulizio) [157-191]

Chipped and ground worked stone (James Newhard) [192-202)

Mycenaean habitation in the region of Iklaina (Michael B. Cosmopoulos, Cynthia Shelmerdine) [203-213]

Bibliography [215-229]

List of tables [231]

List of figures 232-235]

Index [237-238]


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