Advances in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic archaeology of Greece for the new millennium
Nena Galanidou Pharos 20 (2014): 1-40
This paper summarizes recent developments in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic archaeology of Greece. The questions addressed are epistemological, historical and geographical. The Early Stone Age record, that of mobile groups, in a region that lies at the crossroads of three continents offering a variety of subsistence possibilities, can profitably be approached within the symbolic structure of ‘travel and stasis’. The paper explores the histories of travel by sea and land during the Middle and Upper Pleistocene and the Early Holocene. Recent Palaeolithic and Mesolithic research in Greece has intensified, sharpened its focus and fully integrated other strands of Quaternary science, to produce fresh archaeological, palaeontological and palaeoenvironmental data. These shed new light on movements and dispersals between Africa and Eurasia and on the patterns of local adaptations. Work throughout Greece provides different stories from each about hominin dispersals and early human travel. Coupled with both long-known and the recently discovered information in mainland Greece, this offers the opportunity to construct new narratives about Palaeolithic and Mesolithic life.