Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory


1 January 2019

Η προϊστορική κατοίκηση στο Ηραίον Σάμου: Οι ανασκαφές 2009-2013 βόρεια της Ιεράς Οδού

Ourania Kouka In P. Triantafyllidis (ed.), 2017. Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στα Νησιά του Αιγαίου. Διεθνές Επιστημονικό Συνέδριο, Ρόδος, 27 Νοεμβρίου-1 Δεκεμβρίου 2013, vol. B, Mytilene:163-180.


Excavations conducted in the 1950’s in the area of the Hera Temple have revealed a flourishing Early Bronze Age settlement at Heraion dating in the Early Bronze Age II/late-III periods (ca. 2500-2000 BC), which was one of the most important local centres with early urban features in the ‘cultural entity of the North and East Aegean’.

The recent excavations (2009-2013) north of the Sacred road of Heraion testified the erection of the settlement in the Chalcolithic (ca. 4500-3200 BC), as well as impressive house architecture and part of a communal building dating in the so far unknown early Bronze Age I-II/early periods (ca. 3200-2500 BC). Moreover, a part of the Early Bronze Age II-III fortification (ca. 2500-2000 BC) has been discovered, which marks the limit of the huge Early Bronze Age settlement towards east. In addition, successive architectural phases of a Middle Bronze age strongly fortified settlement was investigated for the first time, demonstrating a longer use of Heraion for habitation than previously thought, as well as cultural interaction of the Middle Bronze Age Heraion with the rest of the Aegean, including the Old Palaces of Crete.


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