Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory


1 February 2019

Καταγραφή και έρευνα των σπηλαίων της λίμνης Μεγάλης Πρέσπας. Πρώτα συμπεράσματα και προοπτικές

Michalis Kontos, Christina Michelaki & Miltiadis Miteletsis In P. Adam-Veleni & Κ. Tzanavari (eds) 2017. Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στην Θράκη 26, 2012, Thessaloniki: 41-46.


The research program conducted by the Ephorate of Paleoanthropology-Speleology of Northern Greece at the Great Prespa Lake (Florina, Greece) aims firstly to the location, exploration, documentation and recording of the numerous rock shelters, caves and potholes situated on its banks. It also aims to the understanding of the significant role the caves played in the life of the local communities over time, through the reconstruction of the archaeological, anthropological, ethnoarchaeological and historical data. The expeditions conducted in 2011 and 2012 yielded impressive results, since more than 25 caves, rock shelters and potholes were recorded, explored and mapped on the banks of the lake.

Due to the lowering of the lake level in recent decades, many caves that were previously, partly or fully flooded by water, were now revealed. The caves recorded are geographically distributed on both banks of the Psarades bay and from there, west to the Greek-Albanian border and east to Koula Bay. Apart from the widely known caves used as hermitages during the Byzantine and post-Byzantine period, archaeological remains were also found at the caves Raskanets 1, 3 and Tserna 2. The last one belongs to a complex of three consecutive caves. The majority of the findings collected (including pottery, stone tools, clay weights etc.) dates from the Late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Many parallels of them are found at the neighboring prehistoric sites on the west bank of the lake and the surrounding basin Korca (lacustrine settlements Maliq and Sovjan, lakeside settlement Kallamas, etc.) in Albania. A few findings date to later periods up to modern times.


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