Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

BOOKS | 2013

26 January 2014

Festòs protopalaziale. Il quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I. Strutture e ritrovamenti delle terrazze mediana e superiore

Ilaria Caloi

Festòs protopalaziale. Il quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I. Strutture e ritrovamenti delle terrazze mediana e superiore

City: Venezia

Year: 2013

Publisher: Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

Series: Antichistica 3. Archeologia 1

Description: 345 p., 51 b/w figures in text, 43 b/w plates


This work, based on the author’s 2007 MA dissertation for the Italian Archaeological School at Athens focuses on two Protopalatial houses of Phaistos (Crete), excavated by the Italian Archaeological Mission. These are located in an area known as the ‘Quarter West of the West Court’ (Piazzale I) of the Phaistos palace, which consists of blocks of houses situated on three terraces, set at different levels, located West of a street that leads North and runs along the west side of the court. The first house is located on the middle terrace of the slope hill and is composed of five rooms (c, ci, ciii, icα and icβ). The second is placed on the higher terrace and consists of two rooms (xcvii-xcviii, cii).

The first excavations of these houses were undertaken by Doro Levi in 1965-1966, and further soundings were carried out by Vincenzo La Rosa in 2001. The houses were briefly discussed in monographs by Levi and Carinci (Levi 1976; Levi, Carinci 1988) and in short articles by Levi and La Rosa (Levi 1965-1966; La Rosa 2002). These publications, however, did not provide adequate and systematic analyses of their architecture and finds. The revision of Levi’s excavations of these Protopalatial houses, which I conducted from 2001-2006, has clarified the architectural phasing and uncovered a full depositional sequence from Early MM IB to MM IIB. The present work is part of a project of excavations and revision of Levi’s work which Profs. Vincenzo La Rosa (Centro di Archeologia Cretese, Catania) and Filippo Carinci (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice) have been directing since 1994, with support from the Italian Archaeological School at Athens.

The analytical study of stratigraphical/contextual data and MM IB-MM II ceramics retrieved from these two houses has been the starting point for attempting a new definition of the ceramic sequence of Protopalatial Phaistos, which was partially (only phases A-B-C) published in 2009 (Caloi 2009). This work has allowed to identify in the middle terrace house a good sequence of four successive depositional events (and corresponding homogeneous ceramic deposits), that can be interpreted as representing four ceramic phases (A-B-C-D) dating from Early MM IB to MM IIB. This house has permitted the author to subdivide the MM IB at Phaistos into two phases: the Early MM IB phase, finding comparisons mostly in the Mesara plain and corresponding to the foundation of the First palace, and the MM IB phase, well corresponding to MM IB identified in several Minoan sites of Crete.

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Abstract [7]
Tabella cronologica ed elenco delle abbreviazioni [8]
Filippo Maria Carinci, Prefazione [9]
Introduzione [13]

Capitolo I. Scavi e ricerche nella Festòs del periodo Protopalaziale [17]

I.1. Gli scavi Levi (1950-1966) e i primi studi sul periodo Protopalaziale di Festòs [17]
I.2. Revisione degli scavi Levi a Festόs (1994-2012) [23]
I.3. La definizione di una nuova sequenza ceramica per il periodo Protopalaziale di Festòs: fasi A, B, C, D [25]

Capitolo II. Gli scavi del quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I [50]

II.1. Gli scavi Levi (1965-1966) delle terrazze mediana e superior [50]
II.2. I saggi La Rosa (2000-2002) e una prima revisione dell’interpretazione di Levi [57]

Capitolo III. Revisione degli scavi nel quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale Ι (2001-2006) [59]

III.1. Revisione delle strutture individuate nella terrazza mediana [60]
III.2. Revisione della successione stratigrafica delle terrazze mediana e superior [62]
III.3. La ricostruzione di una successione di livelli dal Prepalaziale al MM IIB all’interno del quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale Ι [65]

Capitolo IV. Lo studio della ceramica del quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I: gruppi ceramici, forme e stili [73]

Capitolo V. Il catalogo dei materiali ceramici dal quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I [167]

Capitolo VI. Il quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale Ι e i gruppi ceramici del periodo Protopalaziale a Creta [247]

VI.1. La Messara [247]
VI.2. La Valle di Amari [252]
VI.3. Knossos e la Creta centro-settentrionale [253]
VI.4. Malia e la Creta centro-orientale [255]

Capitolo VII. Gli small finds dal quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I [257]

VII.1. Lo studio degli small finds [257]
VII.2. Il catalogo degli small finds [263]

Capitolo VIII. Conclusioni: cronologia e funzione del quartiere ad ovest del Piazzale I nella Festòs Protopalaziale [269]

VIII.1. Dall’impianto del quartiere alla sua trasformazione in dump area [271]
VIII.2. La riorganizzazione delle terrazze del quartiere nel MM II [272]
VIII.3. I rapporti del quartiere con la Strada dal nord e l’area artigianale [275]

Appendice: Filippo Maria Carinci, Iconografie protopalaziali: le figurine ≪grottesche≫ di Festos e di Malia [279]

Elenco delle cassette del Museo Stratigrafico di Festos [287]
Elenco delle tavole illustrative [289]
Bibliografia [293]
Tavole [301]


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