The Gurob Ship-Cart Model and Its Mediterranean Context
City: College Station
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
Series: Ed Rachal Foundation Nautical Archaeology Series
Description: Hardback, 352 p., 212 b/w figures, 65 drawings, 4 illustrations, 5 maps, 29x21,7 cm
When Shelley Wachsmann began his analysis of the small ship model excavated by assistants of famed Egyptologist W. M. F. Petrie in Gurob, Egypt, in 1920, he expected to produce a brief monograph that would shed light on the model and the ship type that it represented. Instead, Wachsmann discovered that the model held clues to the identities and cultures of the enigmatic Sea Peoples, to the religious practices of ancient Egypt and Greece, and to the oared ships used by the Bronze Age Mycenaean Greeks.
Although found in Egypt, the prototype of the Gurob model was clearly an Aegean-style galley of a type used by both the Mycenaeans and the Sea Peoples. The model is the most detailed representation presently known of this vessel type, which played a major role in changing the course of world history. Contemporaneous textual evidence for Sherden -one of the Sea Peoples- settled in the region suggests that the model may be patterned after a galley of that culture. Bearing a typical Helladic bird-head decoration topping the stempost, with holes along the sheer strakes confirming the use of stanchions, the model was found with four wheels and other evidence for a wagon-like support structure, connecting it with European cultic prototypes.
The online resources that accompany the book illustrate Wachsmann’s research and analysis. They include 3D interactive models that allow readers to examine the Gurobmodel on their computers as if held in the hand, both in its present state and in two hypothetical reconstructions. The online component also contains high-resolution color photos of the model, maps and satellite photos of the site, and other related materials. Offering a wide range of insights and evidence for linkages among ancient Mediterranean peoples and traditions, The Gurob Ship-Cart Model and Its Mediterranean Context presents an invaluable asset for anyone interested in the complexities of cultural change in the eastern Mediterranean at the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron Age.
Note regarding online resources [xxiii]
Chapter 1: The Gurob ship-cart model [1-32]
Chapter 2: The iconographic evidence [33-84]
Chapter 3: Wheels, wagons, and the transport of ships overland [85-162]
Chapter 4: Foreigners at Gurob [163-200]
Chapter 5: Conclusions [201-206]
Appendix 1: Alexis Catsambis, Lines drawing of the Gurob ship model [207-208]
Appendix 2: Donald H. Sanders, The Gurob ship-cart model in virtual reality [209-218]
Appendix 3: Dan Davis, Ship colors in the Homeric poems [219-224]
Appendix 4: Sherden and Tjuk-people in the Wilbour papyrus [225-238]
Appendix 5: Christine A. Prior, Radiocarbon age analysis of the Gurob ship-cart model [239-242]
Appendix 6: Ruth Siddall, Analysis of pigments from the Gurob ship-cart model [243-248]
Appendix 7: Caroline Cartwright, Wood identification [249-250]
Glossary of nautical terms