Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

BOOKS | 2010

14 October 2011

Traditions and Transformations: Approaches to Eneolithic (Copper Age) and Bronze Age Metalworking and Society in Eastern Central Europe and the Carpathian Basin

Tobias L. Kienlin

Traditions and Transformations: Approaches to Eneolithic (Copper Age) and Bronze Age Metalworking and Society in Eastern Central Europe and the Carpathian Basin

City: Oxford

Year: 2010

Publisher: Archaeopress

Series: BAR International Series 2184

Description: Paperback, iii+405 pages; illustrated throughout; 3 appendices; with CD.

From the introduction

This study was conceived of some years ago as a sequel to the metallographic examination of Early Bronze Age axes from the north alpine region of central Europe. The original impetus was to provide a long-term perspective on the development of methods of casting and forging by extending the data base to Eneolithic/Copper Age material. In addition, by a shift east to the Carpathian Basin an attempt was made to allow for the existence of different traditions of early metalworking and compare regional trajectories into the metal ages. The approach may be termed cognitive since metallographic data, that is the examination of a metal object’s microstructure, is used to reconstruct chaînes opératoires in the production of early metal objects and to compare the knowledge Eneolithic/Copper Age and Bronze Age metalworkers had gained of the different types of copper and copper-based alloys they were working. In the first instance therefore this work represents is an archaeometallurgical study in the early phases of metallurgy in parts of central and south-eastern Europe. Metallographic data from a large series of Eneolithic/Copper Age shaft-hole axes and flat axes is first published here in detail. The findings from this examination are discussed and both groups of implements are compared in terms of variation in their production parameters. This variation is related to both the technological change that came about during the Eneolithic/Copper Age and to a shift in emphasis placed on the production of shaft-hole implements and more mundane flat axes respectively. The conclusions drawn relate to genuinely archaeological questions. At least, the author hopes that they are of wider archaeological relevance and they are framed in such terms as to arise the interest of an archaeological audience beyond the sub-discipline of archaeometallurgy. There is also new data on Bronze Age material contained in this study, but most discussions related to that period draw on previously published data as well and try to integrate both data sets into a more comprehensive picture than was previously available.



Acknowledgements [iii]

1) Introduction [1]

2) The Earliest Metalworking in South-Eastern and Central Europe: A Review of the Evidence [3]

3) Traditions in the Making: Aspects of the Production of Eneolithic/Copper Age Shaft-Hole Axes [21]

4) Traditions under Transformation I: The Casting and Working of Eneolithic/Copper Age Flat Axes [50]

5) The Axes in Context I: Copper and ‘Copper Age’ Society [80]

6) Early Bronze Age Metallurgy: A Review of the Evidence [118]

7) Traditions under Transformation II: Technological Choice in Bronze Age Metallurgy [135]

8) The Axes in Context II: A Case Study from the North Alpine Region of Central Europe [173]

9) Some Concluding Thoughts [191]

References [192]

Appendix I: Methods Applied and Outline of the Interpretation of Eneolithic/Copper Age and Bronze Age Microstructures [219]

Appendix II: Catalogue and Tables [241]



Παρακαλούμε τα σχόλιά σας να είναι στα Ελληνικά (πάντα με ελληνικούς χαρακτήρες) ή στα Αγγλικά. Αποφύγετε τα κεφαλαία γράμματα. Ο Αιγεύς διατηρεί το δικαίωμα να διαγράφει εκτός θέματος, προσβλητικά, ανώνυμα σχόλια ή κείμενα σε greeklish.