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Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

ARTICLES | 2009

Prehistoric Laconia: A note on the location of the site of Souroukla

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 321-324.

In 1921, Carl Blegen found Mycenaean and other ancient sherds at a site then named Souroukla, near Skala in Laconia. William Coulson and others have mistakenly assumed that Souroukla is to be identified as Ayios Stephanos, the important site surveyed by the author in 1956 and later excavated by the British School under Lord William Taylour.

Depending on 14C data: Chronological frameworks in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic of southeastern Europe

Radiocarbon 51.2 (September 2009): 751-770.

With the introduction of the radiocarbon method in 1949 and the calibration curve constantly improving since 1965, but especially due to the development of the more accurate accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) dating some 30 yr ago, the application of the 14C method in prehistory revolutionized traditional chronological frameworks.

Nicolas Coldstream (1927-2008)

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 1-8.

Nicolas CoNicolas Coldstream, archaeologist of Greece and the Mediterranean in the 9th and 8th centuries BC, was born in India, educated in England, and carried out the research for his first masterpiece Greek Geometric Pottery (1968) while Macmillan Student at the British School at Athens (1957-60).

A preliminary investigation of two prehistoric cave sites in southern Albania

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 10-26.

In this article we describe the evaluation of two prehistoric sites situated within the coastal zone of south-western Albania, originally investigated by the Italian prehistorian Luigi Cardini in 1939. The first is a cave site in the town of Himara; the second a rock-shelter at Kanalit in the Acroceraunian Mountains to the north.

The Early Cycladic settlement at Dhaskalio, Keros: Preliminary report of the 2008 excavation season

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 27-47.

The 2008 excavations on the small island of Dhaskalio opposite Dhaskalio Kavos on the Cycladic island of Keros are reviewed. An account is given of the survey, recording many walls of the early Bronze Age, and of the excavations, continued from the 2007 season.

A reassessment of Mackenzie’s second and third cities at Phylakopi

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 49-72.

Duncan Mackenzie’s interpretation of the Phylakopi stratigraphy, which he presented in 1904 as the final chapter of the excavation report, continues to structure discussion of the site’s history. Mackenzie proposed a sequence of three ‘Cities’, which are seen to correspond to EC III, MC, and LC periods of occupation respectively.

The Late Minoan II-III and Mycenaean pottery from the 1911 excavations at Phylakopi on Melos

The Annual of the British School at Athens 104 (2009) [February 2010]: 73-135.

This article presents the Late Minoan II-III B and the Late Helladic I-III C pottery from the 1911 excavations of J. Dawkins and J. Droop at Phylakopi on Melos. The material from the 1911 excavations fills gaps in the corpus of pottery provided by the 1896-99 excavations and the 1974-77 excavations.

Early prehistoric landscape and landuse in the Fier region of Albania

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22.2 (December 2009): 151-182.

Little was known until recently about regional patterns of early prehistoric occupation in Albania, making it difficult to situate the Albanian record within existing, general models of early prehistoric landuse. An intensive regional survey, the Mallakastra Regional Archaeological Project (MRAP), carried out in the Fier region of central Albania from 1998-2003, gathered widespread evidence for human occupation during the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods, from the Myzeqe Plain to the Mallakastra hills.

Elite place-making and social interaction in the Late Cypriot Bronze Age

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22.2 (December 2009): 183-209.

Monumental buildings constructed with ashlar masonry have long been recognized as a hallmark of the Late Cypriot (LC) period (ca. 1650-1100 BC). Yet little attention has been paid to the vital role they played in the (trans)formation of social structures and maintenance of elite power.

The perceived value of Minoan and Minoanizing pottery in Egypt

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22.2 (December 2009): 211-234

This paper investigates the Egyptian valuation of imported Minoan and locally produced Minoanizing pottery: that is, why Egyptians found this pottery desirable, which Egyptians wanted it, and which were able to acquire it. In order to address these questions, this study first reviews the archaeological contexts of all Minoan and Minoanizing pottery in Egypt, and then compares this archaeological evidence to the textual and iconographic data on Egyptian attitudes towards Minoan goods.

The Minoan Santorini eruption and tsunami deposits in Palaikastro (Crete): Dating by geology, archaeology, 14C, and Egyptian chronology

Radiocarbon 51.2 (September 2009): 397-411.

Deposits from the Minoan Santorini (Thera) eruption in the eastern Mediterranean region constitute the most important regional stratigraphic marker in the chronological perplexity of the 2nd millennium BC. Extensive tsunami deposits were discovered in Crete at the Minoan archaeological site of Palaikastro, containing reworked volcanic Santorini ash. Hence, airborne deposition of volcanic ash, probably during the 1st (Plinian) eruption phase, preceded the tsunami, which was apparently generated during the 3rd or 4th phase of the eruption, based on evidence from Thera.

A Reappraisal of the dendrochronology and dating of Tille Höyük (1993)

Radiocarbon 51.2 (September 2009): 711-720.

The results of a tentative oak tree-ring chronology built from charcoal samples found in Late Bronze to early Iron Age contexts (late 2nd to early 1st millennium BC) at the site of Tille Höyük in southeast Turkey, and its placement in time, was published in 1993 (Summers 1993).

Excavations at Politiko Kokkinorotsos. A Chalcolithic hunting station in Cyprus

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 75 (2009): 189-237.

Recent excavations at a small Chalcolithic site in central Cyprus show that it was occupied about 2880-2670 cal BC. Fallow deer form the major component of the substantial faunal sample: both these and other animals were hunted. The chipped stone, too, fits with a model of intensive meat exploitation.

Private pantries and celebrated surplus: storing and sharing food at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Central Anatolia

Antiquity 83, No. 321 (September 2009): 649–668.

In the Neolithic megasite at Çatalhöyük families lived side by side in conjoined dwellings, like a pueblo. It can be assumed that people were always in and out of each others’ houses – in this case via the roof. Social mechanisms were needed to make all this run smoothly, and in a tour-de-force of botanical, faunal and spatial analysis the authors show how it worked. Families stored their own produce of grain, fruit, nuts and condiments in special bins deep inside the house, but displayed the heads and horns of aurochs near the entrance. While the latter had a religious overtone they also remembered feasts, episodes of sharing that mitigated the provocations of a full larder.

The early management of cattle (Bos taurus) in Neolithic central Anatolia

Antiquity 83, No. 321 (September 2009): 669–686.

The authors use metrical, demographic and body part analyses of animal bone assemblages in Anatolia to demonstrate how cattle were incorporated into early Neolithic subsistence economies. Sheep and goats were domesticated in the eighth millennium BC, while aurochs, wild cattle, were long hunted. The earliest domesticated cattle are not noted until the mid-seventh millennium BC, and derive from imported stock domesticated elsewhere. In Anatolia, meanwhile, the aurochs remains large and wild and retains its charisma as a hunted quarry and a stud animal.