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Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

ARTICLES | 2010

The use of oxygen isotopes in sheep molars to investigate past herding practices at the Neolithic settlement of Çatalhöyük, central Anatolia

Archaeometry 52.3 (June 2010): 429–449.

This paper presents a pilot study designed to test the use of oxygen isotopes for investigating aspects of early herding practices in the Neolithic of western Asia, using the site of Çatalhöyük in central Anatolia as a case study. Time-sequenced δ18O values in dental enamel of archaeological sheep are assessed for post-depositional diagenetic effects and compared with seasonal δ18O meteoric water values in the region today. The evidence is used to indicate the environmental conditions in which individual sheep spent their first year, enabling management of breeding and birthing seasons, and movement to seasonal pastures, to be investigated.

Patterns of production and consumption of coarse to semi-fine pottery at Early Iron Age Knossos

Annual of the British School at Athens 105 (2010): 225-268.

This paper presents the results of a large-scale petrological study of Early Iron Age (twelfth-seventh centuries BC) coarse wares from north-central Crete. 210 samples were taken for analysis from six locations at Knossos, representing distinct funerary, domestic, and ritual contexts.

Mycenae revisited part 3. The human remains from Grave Circle A Mycenae. Behind the masks: A study of the bones of Shaft Graves I-V

Annual of the British School at Athens 105 (2010): 157-224.

This article is the third in a series inspired by the rediscovery in 2003 of two skeletons excavated in 1877 in Shaft Grave VI in Circle A at Mycenae by Panayiotis Stamatakis. Having studied those two individuals and reconstructed their faces, and having conducted a study of strontium isotope analyses on all the individuals from Grave Circle A, we now move on to a reconsideration of the circumstances in which Shaft Graves III, IV and V were excavated by Schliemann and Stamatakis, and place the human remains in the context of the other finds from the graves (no human remains from Graves I and II can be located at present).

Knossos 1955-1957. Early Prepalatial deposits from Platon’s tests in the Palace

Annual of the British School at Athens 105 (2010): 97-155.

This article presents a selection of early Prepalatial pottery and a clay sealing found in tests made by Nikolaos Platon between 1955 and 1957 during a programme of conservation and restoration work in the palace. The pottery not only adds to the ceramic characterization of the Early Minoan I – Early Minoan IIB phases at Knossos, but also provides new information about the extent and scale of use of the early Prepalatial settlement.

From fabrics to island connections: Macroscopic and microscopic approaches to the prehistoric pottery of Antikythera

Annual of the British School at Athens 105 (2010): 1-81.

An intensive archaeological survey covering the entire extent of the island of Antikythera has recently revealed a sequence of prehistoric activity spanning the later Neolithic to Late Bronze Age, with cultural affiliations that variously link its prehistoric communities with their neighbours to the north, south and east.

Bronze and oil: A possible link between the introduction of tin and Lallemantia to northern Greece

Annual of the British School at Athens 105 (2010): 83-96.

Lallemantia, an exotic oil plant, recently identified at Bronze Age sites in the Macedonia region of northern Greece, has a natural distribution lying outside Europe, in regions ranging from Iran to Anatolia, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel. The possible routes through which Lallemantia arrived in northern Greece are considered in relation to evidence for Bronze Age trade in metals, in particular tin.

Domestic space and community identity in the Aegean Islands and Crete 1200-600 BC

MOSAIKjournal 1 (2010): 67-126.

This paper investigates aspects of community identity in the Aegean Islands and Crete through examination of their domestic environments, between c. 1200–900 BC, a period when Cycladic, Eastern Aegean islands and Crete were en-gaged in different social developments.

The earlier Neolithic in Cyprus: recognition and dating of a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A occupation

Antiquity 84 (September 2010): 693–706.

Intensive survey and initial excavations have succeeded in pushing back the Neolithic human occupation of Cyprus to the earlier ninth millennium cal BC. Contemporary with PPNA in the Levant, and with signs of belonging to the same intellectual community, these were not marginalised foragers, but participants in the developing Neolithic project, which was therefore effectively networked over the sea.

Salomon Reinach and the religious interpretation of Palaeolithic art

Antiquity 84 (September 2010): 853–863.

When did upper Palaeolithic cave art come to be thought of as religious? The author shows an origin rooted in the intellectual movements of the later nineteenth century, and in particular in the personage and thought of Salomon Reinach.

A source in Bulgaria for Early Neolithic ‘Balkan flint’

Antiquity 84 (September 2010): webpage.

During a study trip in the Lower Danube Valley in the summer of 2009, we crossed the western part of the Moesian Platform, along a route partly following the Iskar River Valley, which brought us to the Danube throughout Pleven and Nikopol. Here, along the road that runs parallel to the Zass’idere torrent, close to its confluence with the Danube at the southern outskirts of Nikopol, we noticed that the cutting of the earth road along the slopes of Ali Kach Baba hill had exposed a white chalk formation (Upper Cretaceous) with several embedded seams of flint nodules.

Neolithic anthropocentrism: the principles of imagery and symbolic manifestation of corporeality in the Balkans

Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII (2010): 227-238.

The body in the Neolithic was used as adequate symbolic medium which on the one hand strengthened the crucial features of individuals, while on the other was capable to explicate the essential function of particular objects and constructions. As result to this also the concept of imagery hybridism was deployed which incorporate human body within more complex segments of visual culture and symbolic communication.

The Neolithic–Chalcolithic sequence in the SW Anatolian Lakes Region

Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII (2010): 269-284.

This paper reviews the radiocarbon, stratigraphic and pottery evidence from five early pottery sites in SW Turkey. A comparison of the results with data from Ulucak in West Turkey indicates no significant time lag between these areas. The onset of Neolithic sites early in the 7th millennium calBC makes it difficult to link their emergence to the collapse theories applied to SE Anatolian societies at the end of the PPNB period. The chronology proposed is not compatible with allegedly contemporary developments in SE Europe.

The manipulation of death: a burial area at the Neolithic Settlement of Avgi, NW Greece

Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII (2010): 95-104.

In the Neolithic of Northern Greece the disposal of the deceased is strongly related to the community of the living, and in most cases to the built environment. Burials often occur in close proximity to, or underneath ‘domestic’ structures. The constant association of dead ancestors with the living social environment may indicate a particular desire by Neolithic people to negotiate their past by incorporating it into their own present.

The representation of phalli in Neolithic Thessaly, Greece

Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII (2010): 215-226.

This paper is an attempt to elucidate a rather understudied aspect of Neolithic imagery from Thessaly, Greece, objects representing phalli, and at the same time to consider the possibility that gender was not a prominent structuring principle in the past, allowing for the fact that phalli did not elicit a pervasive binary categorization of bodies, but instead were invoked in specific circumstances with particular objectives.

The use of SEM-EDS, PIXE and EDXRF for obsidian provenance studies in the Near East: a case study from Neolithic Çatalhöyük (central Anatolia)

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.11 (November 2010): 2705-2720.

In this paper we evaluate the relative analytical capabilities of SEM-EDS, PIXE and EDXRF for characterizing archaeologically significant Anatolian obsidians on the basis of their elemental compositions. The study involves 54 geological samples from various sources, together with an archaeological case study involving 100 artifacts from Neolithic Çatalhöyük (central Anatolia).