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Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

ARTICLES | 2010

Swords and Swordsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age

American Journal of Archaeology 114.3 (July 2010): 403-428.

Warfare and combat are often considered to have played central roles in the characterization of elite identities and the social evolution of Aegean Bronze Age polities of Crete and the Greek mainland. Iconography and mortuary practice provide insights into how warrior identity and violence were materially celebrated.

A Return to the Dark Ages? Reply to Thornton et al. 2010

American Journal of Archaeology 114.2 (April 2010): 317-329.

A synthetic theory pointing out the central importance of metallurgy in the emergence of Bronze Age civilizations was recently published in the AJA (‘From Metallurgy to Bronze Age Civilizations: The Synthetic Theory’ [2009] 497-519). In reaction, six well-known authors (Christopher Thornton, Jonathan Golden, David Killick, Vincent Pigott, Thilo Rehren, and Benjamin Roberts) have written a rebuttal devoted mainly to defending the current localizationist paradigm challenged by the synthetic theory.

The provenance of some glass ingots from the Uluburun shipwreck

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.2 (February 2010): 295-301.

The discovery of a Late Bronze Age trading vessel at Uluburun near Kaş off the Turkish coast offers exciting possibilities for our understanding of Bronze Age trade. On board the ship was a large consignment of glass ingots that were assumed to originate either from Mesopotamia or Egypt.

Paleoenvironmental evolution and prehistoric human environment, in the embayment of Palamari (Skyros Island, Greece) during Middle-Late Holocene

Quaternary International 216.1-2 (1 April 2010): 41-53.

Palamari Bay is located on the northeastern coast of Skyros Island (Sporades Islands, Aegean Sea). At the northern edge of the bay a fortified prehistoric settlement is found, dated between 2800 and 1700 BC (Early Bronze Age II–Middle Bronze Age I). Detailed geomorphological mapping of the coastal alluvial plain and paleontological, micropaleontological, palynological, sedimentological and micromorphological studies of the Holocene coastal deposits have been conducted in order to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment and the landscape evolution of the broader area of Palamari Bay.

14C dating of the Early to Late Bronze Age stratigraphic sequence of Aegina Kolonna, Greece

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 268.7-8 (April 2010): 1013-1021.

Aegina Kolonna, located in the center of the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Mediterranean (Greece), is one of the major archaeological sites of the Aegean Bronze Age with a continuous stratigraphic settlement sequence from the Late Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age. Due to its position next to the maritime cross roads between central mainland Greece, the northeast Peloponnese, the Cyclades and Crete, the island played an important role in the trade between these regions.

A new type of Early Iron Age fibula from Albania and Northwest Greece

Hesperia 79.2 (April 2010): 233-252.

This article presents a hitherto unknown type of Early Iron Age fibula from Lofkënd in Albania, together with related examples from Kënet in northeastern Albania and Liatovouni in northwestern Greece. Dubbed the “Lofkënd type”, this group of fibulae can be securely dated to the late 10th or 9th century BC. The author discusses the evidence provided by archaeological context, as well as the date, distribution, and cultural affinities of the new type.

Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in Agia Paraskevi prehistoric settlement, Lamia, Central Greece

Quaternary International 216.1-2 (1 April 2010): 64-74.

Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the area of the prehistoric settlement of Megali Vrysi close to the village of Agia Paraskevi in Central Greece, 5 km east of Lamia City, were investigated. The area is situated in the low flat alluvial plain on the outskirts of Sperchios Valley that is bordered NNW to ENE by a rocky, hilly ridge of the Othrys Mountain foothills, 5.5 km away from the present coastline.

Paleoenvironmental changes since 3000 BC in the coastal marsh of Vravron (Attica, SE Greece)

Quaternary International 216.1-2 (1 April 2010): 14-22.

The coastal area of the Vravron Bay, in the vicinity of the homonym archaeological site, is a marshy plain located on the eastern part of the Attica Peninsula (eastern Greece). In order to provide evidence for palaeoenvironmental changes and landscape evolution of the area, detailed micropaleontological, palynological and sedimentological analyses have been conducted at the underlying Late Holocene coastal deposits. The recovered sediments (lithostratigraphic Units A–D) represent a continuous record of the environmental history of the area since the Early Bronze Age, covering all subsequent historical periods.

Mycenaean and Cypriot Late Bronze Age ceramic imports to Kommos: An investigation by Neutron Activation Analysis

Hesperia 79.2 (April 2010): 191-231.

The results of a small-scale program of neutron activation analysis of 69 ceramic fragments from the Minoan harbor town of Kommos are presented and critically evaluated. Prior to analysis, the vessels represented in the sample were thought to be imports from outside of Crete, manufactured either on Cyprus or in the Mycenaean cultural sphere.

Stone Age seafaring in the Mediterranean: Evidence from the Plakias region for Lower Palaeolithic and Mesolithic habitation of Crete

Hesperia 79.2 (April 2010): 145-190.

A survey in 2008 and 2009 on the southwestern coast of Crete in the region of Plakias documented 28 preceramic lithic sites. Sites were identified with artifacts of Mesolithic type similar to assemblages from the Greek mainland and islands, and some had evidence of Lower Palaeolithic occupation dated by geological context to at least 130,000 years ago.

Pylos Regional Archaeological Project, part VIII: Lithics and landscapes: A Messenian perspective

Hesperia 79.1 (January 2010): 1-51.

The authors document and discuss the chipped stone assemblage collected by the Pylos Regional Archaeological Project in Messenia, Greece, during three seasons of surface investigations conducted between 1992 and 1994. The article begins with a brief description of the basic characteristics of the PRAP chipped stone assemblage. This section is followed by a discussion of the diachronic social processes that can be inferred from the patterns in the assemblage, from the Middle Palaeolithic through historical periods.

“Gone with the wind”. Aerial photography of Bâtiment Pi, Malia, Crete (Bronze Age)

AARGnews. The newsletter of the Aerial Archaeology Research Group 40 (March 2010): 17-24.

The archaeological site of Malia is located on the north shore of Crete, about 30 km east of the island’s modern capital, Heraklion. During the Bronze Age, also known as the Minoan era (about 3000-1400 B.C.), the area progressively developed to become one of the principal palatial centers of the island. The site has been excavated since 1915, revealing a Minoan palace and a surrounding city.

Mycenaean pottery from Pylos: An indigenous typology

American Journal of Archaeology 114.2 (April 2010): 195-216.

The pantries (Rooms 18–22) of the Palace of Nestor at Pylos provide an ideal opportunity to study the ways in which the Mycenaeans themselves classified their pottery. This is because the material is extensive, varied, well preserved, largely contemporaneous, and was shelved by type.

Re-capturing the sea: The past and future of ‘Island Archaeology’ in Greece

Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 4.1 (2010): 16-26.

Research into past and present islands and coastal communities in Greece has long remained steeped in biogeographical concepts. An overview of relevant surface survey publications highlights their focus on landscape investigations, such as settlement patterns, mortuary landscapes, land use, soil analysis, botanical reconstructions and terracing.