This paper points at a deeper understanding of the funerary contexts of the Mesara plain in the Protopalatial period, focusing first on the chronology of the tholos tombs in use in this period, and then on their functions.
David Kaniewski, Elise Van Campo, Karel Van Lerberghe, Tom Boiy, Klaas Vansteenhuyse, Greta Jans, Karin Nys, Harvey Weiss, Christophe Morhange, Thierry Otto & Joachim BretschneiderPLOS ONE (June 8, 2011)
Here, we report a stratified radiocarbon-based archaeology with anchor points in ancient epigraphic-literary sources, Hittite-Levantine-Egyptian kings and astronomical observations to precisely date the Sea People event. By confronting historical and science-based archaeology, we establish an absolute age range of 1192–1190 BC for terminal destructions and cultural collapse in the northern Levant.
Historians of the Mediterranean economy have generally been dismissive of the role of the fish trade both as an important source of vital food and as a financial benefit to communities which dealt on any scale with fishing, fish-farming and fish preservation for food.