Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory


Changing Technological and Social Environments in the Second Half of the Third Millennium BC in Cyprus

in Frankel, D., Webb, J.M. & Lawrence S. (eds), Archaeology in Environment and Technology: Intersections and Transformations (New York, 2013): 135-148.

Two major archaeologically recognisable cultural entities are visible in mid-third millennium BC Cyprus: an indigenous Late Chalcolithic dependent on hoe-based agriculture and a migrant Philia Early Bronze Age with a radically different social and technological system, including the cattle/plough complex.

Agricultural Economies and Pyrotechnologies in Bronze Age Jordan and Cyprus

in Frankel, D., Webb, J.M. & Lawrence S. (eds), Archaeology in Environment and Technology: Intersections and Transformations (New York, 2013): 123-134.

The development of early civilisations in the eastern Mediterranean and Near East is particularly noteworthy for the variety of paths whereby agrarian societies became increasingly differentiated, often invoking the periodic amalgamation and abandonment of urban communities.

Managing the Archaeological Heritage: The Case of Akrotiri, Thera (Santorini)

in Alexopoulos, G. & Fouseki, K. (eds), Managing Archaeological Sites [Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 15:1 (2013)]: 109-120.

This article deals with the archaeological site of Akrotiri on the Cycladic island of Thera (Santorini), Greece, and demonstrates, in particular, how the construction of a new protective shelter has provided an opportunity for enhancing the present and future conservation and management of the site in accordance with, among other values, the aspirations of the local community.

Domestic architecture in the Early Bronze Age of western Anatolia: the row-houses of Troy I

Anatolian Studies 63 (2013): 17-33.

Excavators have put forward opposing interpretations of the architectural sequence at the Early Bronze Age site of Troy. C.W. Blegen suggested that freestanding 'megaron' houses determined the visual pattern of the earliest settlement, while M.O. Korfmann compared Troy I to the circular layout of the Early Bronze Age site at Demircihüyük (the ‘Anatolian settlement plan’).

Hector W. Catling. 1924-15 February 2013

Antiquity, Online Tributes, 2013.

Hector Catling, who died on 15 February 2013 aged 88, was one of the great archaeologists of his generation. He made major contributions to our understanding of the past of Greece and Cyprus.

‘The Chicken or the Egg?’ Interregional Contacts Viewed Through a Technological Lens at Late Bronze Age Tiryns, Greece

Oxford Journal of Archaeology 32:3 (August 2013): 233-256.

This paper reviews the environmental circumstances of the ostrich and its eggs, in order to provide a geographical overview of past human usage and modification of ostrich eggshells in the Aegean and, more specifically, at Tiryns, while placing this craft in its contemporary context in the Late Bronze Age Mediterranean basin.

On the Constitution and Transformation of Philistine Identity

Oxford Journal of Archaeology 32:1 (February 2013): 1-38.

Recent discussion of the formation and alteration of Philistine identity in the Levantine Iron Age continues to reference primarily pottery styles and dietary practices. Such traditional narratives propose that the Philistines comprised one group of the ‘Sea Peoples’ and that the cultural boundary markers that distinguished their society in the Iron Age I (twelfth–eleventh century BC) diminished in importance and disappeared suddenly in the early Iron Age IIA (tenth century BC), with the ascendancy of the Judahite kingdom.

Against the Gaps. The Early Bronze Age and the Transition to the Middle Bronze Age in the Northern and Eastern Aegean/Western Anatolia

American Journal of Archaeology 117.4 (October 2013): Online Forum.

Gaps are not desirable in archaeology, whether they refer to cultural gaps or to gaps in research. When Rutter defined a "gap" between the Early Cycladic IIB and Middle Cycladic I/Middle Helladic I assemblages, it was evident that there existed a real gap in archaeological research of the prehistoric landscapes and islandscapes of the northern and eastern Aegean and of western Anatolia, to the south of Troy.

Reexamining the Early Cycladic III “Gap” from the Perspective of Crete. A Regional Approach to Relative Chronology, Networks, and Complexity in the Late Prepalatial Period

American Journal of Archaeology 117.4 (October 2013): Online Forum.

The proposed Early Cycladic III "gap" was identified through careful correlations in the late Early Bronze II ceramic records of the mainland and the Cyclades. The absence of Cretan material was noteworthy when viewed against the rich Early Minoan (EM) I–II record, revealing that large amounts of material in the Kampos and Keros-Syros styles was reaching the island via Cycladic colonies or trade.

Bridging the Gaps in Cultural Change Within the Early Bronze Age Aegean

American Journal of Archaeology 117.4 (October 2013): Online Forum.

In one of the arguments about the Early Cycladic (EC) III "gap" in material culture, Jeremy Rutter recognized the Anatolianizing Kastri/Lefkandi I assemblage to be of great importance for developments in ceramics on the Early Helladic mainland.

Thinking About Change in Early Cycladic Island Societies from a Comparative Perspective

American Journal of Archaeology 117.4 (October 2013): Online Forum.

Thirty years on, "Rutter's gap" remains a challenge for Aegean prehistorians. With a precision commonly overlooked by his critics, Rutter originally set out to draw attention to a lacuna in our knowledge of material from stratified sites in the Cyclades, or of Cycladic material exported elsewhere, at the end of the third millennium B.C.E. and to a consequent hiatus in our ability to trace how island culture and behavior shifted from the Early to Middle Bronze Age.