Landscape evolution in the Kifissos floodplain
E. D. Chiotis Στο E. Photos-Jones, Y. Bassiakos, E. Filippaki, A. Hein, I. Karatasios, V. Kilikoglou & E. Kouloumpi (eds), 2016. Proceedings of the 6th Symposium of the Hellenic Society for Archaeometry (Bar International Series 2780), Oxford: 161-166.
The effect of the mid-Holocene sea level highstand is confirmed as a contributing factor in the formation of the Piraeus early island, as narrated by Strabo, roughly in the period between 6000 and 5000 years before present. Meandering of the Kifissos River resulted in the formation of oxbow lakes which can be traced on modem topographic maps as closed depressions. A meander of the Kifissos River is delineated which flooded ancient sites in the 5th century BC near Plato’s Academy and he indicates that the statesman of Athens Cimon “converted the Academy from a waterless and arid spot into a well-watered grove” by digging channels for watering from this meander. It is supposed that fluvial Kifissos sediments were a good source of potter’s clay in Antiquity and peculiar ancient cisterns are recognized as clay washeries.