Nicholas G. BlackwellAntiquity 91.361 (2018): 217-232
The development of an advanced stone-working technology in the Aegean Bronze Age is suggested by the putative Mycenaean pendulum saw. This device seems to have been used to cut through hard sedimentary rock at a number of sites on the Greek mainland and, according to some scholars, also in central Anatolia.
Vangelis Tourloukis & Katerina HarvatiQuaternary International 466.A (2018): 48-65
The Palaeolithic record of Greece remains highly fragmented and discontinuous in both space and time. Nevertheless, new surveys and excavations, along with the revisiting of known sites or old collections, and the conduction of lithic and faunal laboratory analyses, have altogether enriched the Greek Palaeolithic dataset with important new evidence and novel interpretations.
Juan José García-Granero, Dushka Urem-Kotsou, Amy Bogaard & Stavros KotsosQuaternary International 496 (2018): 140-151
Intensive archaeobotanical research in northern Greece and other circum-Mediterranean regions over the last two decades has demonstrated an extensive spectrum of domestic and wild plants consumed by Neolithic communities. However, macrobotanical remains are seldom associated with the artefact in which they were cooked, and therefore we know the list of ingredients but not what ingredients were cooked together or how were they cooked.
Helen L. Whelton, Mélanie Roffet-Salque, Kostas Kotsakis, Dushka Urem-Kotsou & Richard P. EvershedQuaternary International 496 (2018): 127-139
The emergence of agriculture in Greece denotes the start of the Neolithic in Europe, however, little is known about dietary practices in the region. Archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological remains indicate reliance on cereals and pulses, together with meat-based subsistence practices, including sheep/goat and pig husbandry.
Valasia Isaakidou, Paul Halstead & Foteini AdaktylouQuaternary International 496 (2018): 108-126
The open-air settlement of Revenia-Korinou has yielded the largest Early Neolithic (7th millennium BC) faunal assemblage to date from Greece. The assemblage, recovered from numerous pits, is heavily dominated by domestic sheep, goats, pigs and cattle.
Amelie ScheuQuaternary International 496 (2018): 102-107
In recent years, archaeological, archaeozoological and population genetic studies have increasingly converged on a southwest Asian origin for the four Neolithic farm animals: cattle, sheep, goats, and pigs. The power of ancient DNA studies lies in the possibility of tracking the genetic traces of major demographic processes, such as domestication itself and subsequent migration, at their spatiotemporal sources.
Georgia Kotzamani & Alexandra LivardaQuaternary International 496 (2018): 80-101
Investigation of the incipience of agriculture in Greece employing archaeobotanical remains is a challenging field of inquiry, aiming at gaining insights into the complex socio-economic transformations that gradually shaped the way of Neolithic life.
Dushka Urem-Kotsou, Sofia Mitkidou, Evangelia Dimitrakoudi, Nikolaos Kokkinos & Maria NtinouQuaternary International 496 (2018): 68-79
Resinous and tarry materials have been valuable commodities since prehistory as their widespread use for numerous purposes indicates, but remain largely neglected by archaeological research, in part due to their poor preservation and the need for chemical analyses to identify them.
Elena Marinova & Maria NtinouQuaternary International 496 (2018): 51-67
Wood charcoal (anthracological) remains accumulated in archaeological deposits provide a valuable tool for reconstruction of past local vegetation and its use. They can offer evidence complementary to pollen analysis or be the main source on past vegetation change in areas where no pollen preservation is available.
Paul HalsteadQuaternary International 496 (2018): 42-50
European prehistorians have long debated whether Neolithic farmers, especially in temperate central and northern Europe, exploited cleared woodland for short-term ‘slash-and-burn’ crop husbandry or for cultivation of ‘permanent’ gardens/fields.
Raiko Krauß, Elena Marinova, Hanne De Brue & Bernhard WeningerQuaternary International 496 (2018): 24-41
Close examination of the geographic position of Early Neolithic settlements in SE-Europe shows that the oldest sites are almost exclusively situated in some very specific biogeographic areas. These earliest Neolithic settlements are all concentrated in a region that Pavle Cikovac calls the Sub-Mediterranean-Aegean (SMA) biogeographic region.
Myrsini Gkouma & Panagiotis KarkanasQuaternary International 496 (2018): 14-23
The transition from the Late Pleistocene to the Early Holocene in the Eastern Mediterranean is marked by an abrupt change in sea levels, landforms, ecology and resources. These new geomorphological conditions favored the formation of attractive environmental settings for the early farmers, having at the same time a significant taphonomic impact on the archaeological record of the Late Pleistocene.
The environmental context of cultural transformation’ - frames the central issue of this paper – how were Neolithic and Chalcolithic landscapes in the Aegean, Balkan and Carpathian (ABC) zones shaped and transformed by climatic and anthropogenic impacts?