Aegean Prehistory without Schliemann
Michael Fotiadis Hesperia 85.1 (January-March 2016): 91-119
When Heinrich Schliemann appeared in the Aegean in the 1870s, prehistoric archaeology in Greece was headed for a future very different from the one that subsequently materialized. The discoveries at Hisarlik and Mycenae changed the course of that trajectory. I concentrate on the emergent field of prehistoric archaeology in Greece as it was before those discoveries, and I discuss briefly their effects on the field. The radical reorientation of the field in the last quarter of the 19th century provides the opportunity to reflect on the components of archaeological significance that shaped the development of prehistoric archaeology in Greece.