Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory


20 January 2012

Aspects of cult in early Thermos

I.A. Papapostolou Αρχαιολογική Εφημερίς 149 (2010): 1-60

From the Introduction

In the heart of Aetolia, a wide mountain plain stretches out at the northeast of Lake Trichonis. At its eastern edge, on the verge of the Megalakkos height lies the site of Thermos. Thermos is known in history as a religious and political centre of the Aetolian League, an outcome of processes going back centuries.
In Greek Archaeology of the 20th century the name of Thermos is prominent in the field of early Greek architecture. At that time, a typological development was seen in its buildings from the apsidal house of Middle Helladic tradition to the peripteral Doric temple quasi in statu nascendi. Bound to the theory of typological evolution of the buildings was a model of functional development as well: the association of sacrificial remains with constructions led to the view that at Thermos the development of cult could be followed from a vaguely described altar of Late Helladic times or the Early Iron Age to the early archaic peripteral temple of Apollo through an intermediate shrine-like building, Megaron B which, initially, according to Rhomaios, was the chieftains’ dwelling.


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