Grinding cereals and pulses in the Neolithic site of Kleitos: an experimental investigation of microconglomerate grinding equipment, final products and use wear
D. Chondrou, S. M. Valamoti, H. Procopiou & L. Papadopoulou Journal of Greek Archaeology 3 (2018): 23-45
Stone grinding tools (i.e. querns or grinding stones / millstones / metates and handstones or grinders / upper milling stones / manos) constitute an important part of the material culture recovered in prehistoric excavations. These implements, as well as the technological category in which they are traditionally attributed, known by the generic term ‘ground stone tools’, and by the more recently proposed term ‘macrolithic tools’, received the interest they deserve not long ago, through specialized studies. Rigorous research in the field of functional analysis involving the identification of use-wear traces and residue analyses has helped reveal the multifarious spectrum of processing activities these tools were applied to, involving a range of different organic and inorganic materials. Combining experimentation with observation techniques at various scales of analysis, reference collections are created, allowing comparisons with the use-surfaces of the archaeological implements.