L’architettura delle ‘Tholoi’ micenee. Aspetti costruttivi e statici (Text and Tables)
Maria Teresa Como
Publisher: Università degli Studî Suor Orsola Benincasa
Series: Quaderni della Ricerca Scientifica 10
Description: Paperback 2 vols, vol. I: 203 p., b/w ill. ; vol. II: 34 tables, 29,5x19,5 cm
This book investigates the architecture of the Mycenaean tholos tombs through an architectural-constructive analysis of the physical evidence. The architectural description, the constructive difficulties, and the static behaviour are together here examined.
The first part discusses the morphology of the monument, which is argued through the critic collection of the available data from literature. The morphological analysis leads to describe the architectural typology and the specific features of the parts, and finally highlights that it is the hypogean condition – through the inserting of the dome in a circular pit and the covering of the tumulus over the extrados – to constitute the distinctive character of the monument. These considerations undertake a critical review of the pseudo-dome model generally associated to the tholos.
Since the building construction is hypogean, complete surveys – inclusive of the hidden parts – of any intact tholos are generally missing. With reference to the case-study of the Treasury of Atreus, realistic hypothesis on the parts generally hidden are formulated, and a complete architectural survey is elaborated adding further data from literature to the existent surveys. On the obtained complete geometrical model of the structure – congruent with the evidence – the equilibrium condition of the false-arch at the stomion and the equilibrium condition of the pseudo-dome are analysed.
The critical review of the simple pseudo-dome model shows that the dome behaviour can be admitted within the architectural structure of the Mycenaean dome – even if it is realised in horizontal courses – by means of the technical, constructive, and morphological solutions. These concern the careful stone blocks disposal of the horizontal rings, the insertion of the lower part of the dome within an excavated pit, the presence of the tumulus, and the geometry of the dome profile.
The book, written in Italian, is accompanied by a separated volume which includes 34 tables.
Presentazione di massimiliano marazzi 
Nota di paolo belli 
Lista delle abbreviazioni 
I. ELEMENTI ARCHITETTONICI E COSTRUTTIVI DELLA ‘THOLOS’ 
II. GLI STUDI ESISTENTI 
III. IL TESORO DI ATREO 
IV. ‘FALSO ARCO’ E ‘VERO ARCO’ 
V. ‘FALSA CUPOLA’ E ‘VERA CUPOLA’