M. Kazantzaki, C. Athanassas, Y. Bassiakos & E. TsakalosIn E. Photos-Jones, Y. Bassiakos, E. Filippaki, A. Hein, I. Karatasios, V. Kilikoglou & E. Kouloumpi (eds), 2016. Proceedings of the 6th Symposium of the Hellenic Society for Archaeometry (Bar International Series 2780), Oxford: 207-214.
It is to be noted here that it is the first time that such old luminescence ages have been reported for Greek coastal sediments. This paper presents preliminary luminescence dating results with special focus on the performance of the PIRIR290 methodology. Palaeoenvironmental implications of the obtained PIRIR290 ages are also discussed.
Catherine PerlèsQuaternary International 407 (July 2016): 45-58
The long Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sequence of Franchthi Cave is often quoted for the importance of its marine resources. The first coastal resources to be exploited, from the very beginning of the Upper Palaeolithic, were ornamental shell species. Fish was captured since at least the 13th millennium cal BC, and Franchthi is well known for the episode of intense tuna fishing in the Upper Mesolithic (8th millennium cal BC).
Arthur Glais, José Antonio López-Sáez, Laurent Lespez & Robert DavidsonQuaternary International 403 (June 2016): 237-250
Palynological and sedimentological investigations carried out around the tell of Dikili Tash (Eastern Macedonia, Greece), one of the oldest Neolithic sites in Europe, improve our understanding of the evolution of the paleoenvironment from the Late Pleistocene to the Neolithic period (6500–3200 cal BC in this region).
Third millennium B.C. anthropomorphic marble sculpture from the Aegean Cyclades, the so-called Early Cycladic figures and figurines, have fascinated art aficionados and scholars alike for over a century. This has led to a tremendous amount of aesthetic appreciation and monetary value for the aforementioned artifacts.
The socio-economic processes during the Late Neolithic in northern Greece have been given little attention compared to earlier phases of this period. However, several studies suggest interesting phenomena such as shifts in settlement patterns and ceramic production, possibly entailing processes of intense group interactions and increasing territorialization.
The history of the Ayia Irini promontory is closely linked to seismic activity and the successive changes in Relative Sea Level from the Late Neolithic to the Hellenistic period. After an occupation period of approximately 500 years, it was suddenly abandoned in 2000 BC, when the RSL rose from -5.0 ± 0.10 m to -3.60 ± 0.30 m.
Areti ChalkiotiIn M. Ghilardi, F. Leandri, J. Bloemendal, L. Lespez & S. Fachard (eds) 2016. Géoarchélogie des îles de Mediterranée, Paris: 109-118.
This contribution aims to reconstruct the past coastal landscapes of the island of Lemnos, Northeast Aegean Sea, Greece, for the last 20 000 years. It is based on recent publications which estimate the fluctuations in sea-level and ice volume through past glacial cycles, as well as sea-level reconstructions derived from borehole stratigraphies.
During the low sea level of the Last Glacial Maximum the island of Gökçeada, together with all of the North Aegean Islands, was connected to the mainland. Gökçeada, together with Lemnos, became an island probably just after the Younger Dryas, and they were connected by an isthmus. Around 7000-6500 cal. BC, sea level was 20 m lower than today and the separate island of Gökçeada lay close to the Gelibolu Peninsula.
Alan Simmons & Rolfe D. MandelIn M. Ghilardi, F. Leandri, J. Bloemendal, L. Lespez & S. Fachard (eds) 2016. Géoarchélogie des îles de Mediterranée, Paris: 57-72.
This paper summarizes the arguments for the association of cultural remains with pygmy hippopotami, specifically focusing on the site’s stratigraphic sequence, chronology, and formation processes. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that the remains of the pygmy hippopotami are in direct association with cultural features and artifacts that comprise the site’s two primary archaeological strata.
We consider the insular ecology of Capra hircus and suggest that its introduction into Quercus-dominated Mediterranean environments would have resulted in dramatically increased predation on plant genera that were not adapted for ovicaprid herbivory. This would have driven a series of corresponding changes, including the sheet erosion of topsoils and ecological release in competitor taxa. These changes – possibly including localized extinctions – may possibly have been more substantial than those effected via direct human agency.
This paper reviews the geoarchaeological evidence for the early prehistoric sea-crossings in the Aegean (Eastern Mediterranean). It stresses the differences in character and scale between the initial serendipitous crossings and the fully-organised maritime networks of the later parts of prehistory.
Jean GuilaineIn M. Ghilardi, F. Leandri, J. Bloemendal, L. Lespez & S. Fachard (eds) 2016. Géoarchélogie des îles de Mediterranée, Paris: 23-32.
Cet article propose une synthèse sur la chronologie et les caractères de la diffusion du Néolithique depuis le Proche-Orient jusqu’au Maroc à travers l’espace méditerranéen. Après avoir résumé les principales étapes de l’émergence de l’économie agricole dans la zone levantine, le cas de Chypre est plus particulièrement évoqué: les répercussions des avancées continentales y sont précoces, dès le Xe millénaire avant notre ère, tandis que l’île évoluera ensuite vers un conservatisme particulier (culture de Khirokitia).
Constantina Alexandrou & Brendan O’NeilIn R. Maguire & J. Chick (eds) 2016. Approaching Cyprus. Proceedings of the Post-Graduate Conference of Cypriot Archaeology (PoCA) held at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, 1st-3rd November 2013, Newcastle upon Tyne: 98-109.
Broadly speaking, the handmade female terracottas can be stylistically separated into two groups comprising both hollow and solid examples: the so called “bird-headed” (Type A) and “flat-headed” (Type B) figurines. While examining their chaîne opératoire, an experimental methodology was employed to draw out additional information relating to their manufacture.
Anna PauleIn R. Maguire & J. Chick (eds) 2016. Approaching Cyprus. Proceedings of the Post-Graduate Conference of Cypriot Archaeology (PoCA) held at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, 1st-3rd November 2013, Newcastle upon Tyne: 40-59.
The aim of the following analysis is an identification of changes and continuity in the style and composition of the jewellery which occurred in Cyprus and the Aegean during the Late Bronze Age and the (Early) Iron Age.
Alexandra MarkouIn R. Maguire & J. Chick (eds) 2016. Approaching Cyprus. Proceedings of the Post-Graduate Conference of Cypriot Archaeology (PoCA) held at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, 1st-3rd November 2013, Newcastle upon Tyne: 22-39.
The end of the Late Bronze Age in Cyprus is a time of multiple social and economic transformations. This period is often characterized by substantial culture contact due to developments in seafaring as well as intensification of the copper industry, significant trade with the Aegean, and a reworking of ritual spaces.