Geometric pottery from the ancient settlement at Karabournaki. A survey of the lower layers of the trench 23-13a (in Greek)
Νικόλαος Σ. Χατζής Εγνατία 14 (2010): 155-192.
In the present article is examined the geometric pottery that came out from the lower levels of the trench 23-13a, in the ancient settlement at Karabournaki. Geometric sherds have been mostly found between two successive floorings consisting of seashells and pebbles. There are indications that such floorings might have been used as substructures of exterior courtyards or streets.
The material includes sherds of local and imported vases, that have been produced in different workshops of the ancient Greek world, such as Euboia, Attica and Northeast Aegean. Some of the most characteristic categories of imported pottery are pendent semi-circle skyphoi, skyphoi with multiple zig-zag, lip-banded skyphoi, geometric kraters of type II decorated with meander and SOS amphoras. The local made pottery is represented by «silvered» wares, the so-called «asemizousa», sub-protogeometric commercial amphoras of type II, with an easily recognizable coarse clay and, finally, a group of monochrome red-slip wares. In addition to wheel-made vases, a quite large quantity of hand-made pottery has been also found. The most typical shapes are jugs with cut-away neck and bowls of different types.
The majority of the pottery can be safely dated in the 8th century B.C., mainly in its second half, but there are also some sherds that could be regarded to be archaic. The examination of geometric pottery from Karabournaki gives us valuable information about the early phases of the settlement. In the 8th century B.C. we find for first time in the settlement at Karabournaki a large quantity of local and imported pottery, a fact that leads us to the conclusion that the settlement had started flourishing from this point on. Moreover, the study of imported pottery helps us to trace the influence that vases from other centers appear to have exerted on the local pottery and informs us about the contacts that local people maintained with population from other territories during geometric times. It seems that Euboeans had created very strong bonds with the north Aegean many years ago, something that derives not only from the intense presence of euboean pottery in Chalkidike and Macedonia, but also from many other evidence.