Aegeus Society For Aegean Prehistory

BOOKS | 2010

10 September 2012

The Prehistory of the Island of Kythnos (Cyclades, Greece) and the Mesolithic settlement at Maroulas

Adamantios Sampson, Malgorzata Kaczanowska & Janus K. Kozlowski

The Prehistory of the Island of Kythnos (Cyclades, Greece) and the Mesolithic settlement at Maroulas

City: Krakow

Year: 2010

Publisher: The Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences - The University of the Aegean

Description: Hardback, 215 p., coloured and b/w illustrations, drawings, maps, 30x21,5 cm

From the introduction

Kythnos with the neighbouring island of Keos is one of the islands of the Cyclades located closely to continental Greece. It is situated at a distance of 60 miles from Piraeus, but it is very close to Cape Sounion. The island which is 15 miles long from north to south and 5 miles wide is now almost bare, yet in the prehistoric period it boasted of quite abundant vegetation and important wild fauna. The most important Mesolithic site is Maroulas, situated on an eroded peninsula near the modern settlement of Loutra of Kythnos. The east part of the spit directly overlooking the sea is characterized by numerous stone artefacts concentrations, circular concentrations and other structures closely associated with fossil bones, snails and sea shells.


1. The site [5]

2. Geology of Kythnos [6]

3. Geology and morphology of the site [9]

4. Excavation [10]

5. Architectural remains [11]

5.1. Circular or ellipsoid structures [11]
5.2. Paved areas [33]
5.3.Trenches without architectural remains [33]
5.4. Building remains. Discussion [35]
5.5. Architecture: relations and analogies [36]

6. Burials [37]

6.1. Burial descriptions [37]
6.2. Burial customs. Relations with other cultures [41]

7. Chronology [42]

8. Chipped and ground stone industries [42]

8.1. Chipped stone industry [42]
8.1.1. Major technological categories: structure of chipped stone industry [42]
8.1.2. Cores [42]
8.1.3. Splintered pieces [48]
8.1.4. Flakes [48]
8.1.5. Blades [51]
8.1.6. Retouched tools [51]
8.1.7. Hammerstones [56]
8.1.8. Retouchers and anvils [56]
8.2. Ground stone industry [56]
8.3. Scatter-pattern of stone artefacts [57]
8.4. The Maroulas industry against the background of the Aegean Mesolithic [59]

9. Other finds [62]

10. Organic residues [63]

11. Other Mesolithic sites of Kythnos [65]

11.1. Site descriptions [65]
11.2. Lithic artefacts from surface sites [65]

12. General discussion on the Kythnos Mesolithic [67]

13. The Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age in Kythnos [71]

13.1. General remarks [71]
13.2. The Early Cycladic occupation at Maroulas [71]

References [73]

Plates [77]


AMS radiocardon dating of the Mesolithic site Maroulas on Kythnos and calculations of the regional marine reservoir effect by Yorgos facorellis, Brian N. Damiata, Evi Vardala-Theodorou, Maria Ntinou, John Southon [127]Τέλος φόρμας

Micromorphological analysis of sediments in Maroulas/Kythnos by Anna Budek [137]

Archaeobotany in the Mesolithic settlement of Maroulas/Kythnos by Aldona Mueller-Bienek [141]

Malacofauna of the Mesolithic site in the Kythnos island by Stefan W. Alexandrowicz [143]

The seashells of Maroulas, Kythnos by Lilian Karali [147]

Mesolithic fishers at Maroulas, Kythnos: the fish bones by Dimitra Mylona [151]

Dietary adaptations of coastal people in the Aegean Archipelago during the Mesolithic period: the microfauna assemblages of Maroulas on Kythnos by Katerina Trantalidou [163]

Mesolithic palaeoanthropological remains from Kythnos by Nickos A. Poulianos [179]

The Mesolithic occupants of Maroulas on Kyhtnos: skeletal isotope ratio signatures of their geographic origin by Argyro Nafplioti [207]  


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