Αιγεύς Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας

ΑΡΘΡΑ | 2023

Beyond ethnicity: The overlooked diversity of group identities

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22.1 (2009): 101-126.

This article challenges the current tendency in archaeology to assume an ethnic basis for group identity. Archaeology has rehabilitated the concept of ethnicity over the last decade, embracing a theoretically sensitive model of it as both socially constructed and socially constructing, as flexible, embodied and hybridised. The success of this model has been such that group identities are often assumed to be ethnic without investigation.

Political geography and palatial Crete

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 23.1 (2010): 27-54.

The political geography of Crete during the period of the Bronze Age palaces has been a subject of widespread debate, not only with respect to the timing of the island’s move towards greater social and political complexity, but also with regard to the nature of the political institutions and territorial configurations that underpinned palace-centred society, as well as their longer-term stability over the course of the second millennium BC.

Location and perspective in the Theran Flotilla Fresco

Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 23.1 (2010): 3-26.

The Flotilla Fresco from Akrotiri on Thera depicts 14 sea craft, with seven large ships seemingly en route between two landmasses. There are, however, strong arguments against the idea of a long-distance voyage, and instead this study supports the concept of a nautical ceremony.

Mycenaean Dimini in context: Investigating regional variability and socioeconomic complexities in Late Bronze Age Greece

American Journal of Archaeology 114.3 (July 2010): 381-401.

Recent excavations at the Mycenaean town of Dimini in the Bay of Volos in Thessaly have led to the interpretation of this site by its excavator as the regional “palatial” administrative center. This article discusses the available archaeological evidence from all three known Mycenaean settlements in the Bay of Volos (Dimini, Kastro and Pefkakia) and considers aspects of settlement pattern, architecture, artifact distribution, burial practices, and craft specialization in those settlements.

Swords and Swordsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age

American Journal of Archaeology 114.3 (July 2010): 403-428.

Warfare and combat are often considered to have played central roles in the characterization of elite identities and the social evolution of Aegean Bronze Age polities of Crete and the Greek mainland. Iconography and mortuary practice provide insights into how warrior identity and violence were materially celebrated.

A Return to the Dark Ages? Reply to Thornton et al. 2010

American Journal of Archaeology 114.2 (April 2010): 317-329.

A synthetic theory pointing out the central importance of metallurgy in the emergence of Bronze Age civilizations was recently published in the AJA (‘From Metallurgy to Bronze Age Civilizations: The Synthetic Theory’ [2009] 497-519). In reaction, six well-known authors (Christopher Thornton, Jonathan Golden, David Killick, Vincent Pigott, Thilo Rehren, and Benjamin Roberts) have written a rebuttal devoted mainly to defending the current localizationist paradigm challenged by the synthetic theory.

La raccolta del croco a Thera: un tipo particolare di iniziazione femminile?

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 37-69.

Gli affreschi rinvenuti nella Xesté 3 di Akrotiri e il loro possibile significato sono stati oggetto di numerosissimi ed autorevoli studi. In questa sede si intende proporre una ulteriore ipotesi, che nasce dall’analisi dell’iconografia e del contesto archeologico, con un riferimento specifico agli oggetti rinvenuti negli ambienti dell’edificio. In particolare, sarà preso considerazione il cosiddetto “settore femminile” della Xesté 3.

Handmade burnished ware e ceramica grigia tornita in Egeo nella tarda età del bronzo: una messa a punto

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 95-121.

La recente pubblicazione di significativi nuclei di ceramiche d’impasto realizzate a mano (HBW) - a volte associati a ceramiche “grigie” tornite di tipo pseudominio - provenienti da alcuni importanti centri della Grecia micenea e della Creta tardo-minoica, apre nuovi scenari e spunti di riflessione per chi si occupa delle relazioni tra Egeo e Mediterraneo centrale nella tarda età del bronzo.

Four Cypro-Minoan inscriptions from Maroni-Vournes

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 145-164.

The British School at Athens-University of Cincinnati excavations at Maroni-Vournes, on the eastern edge of the coastal plain of the Maroni river valley in south­east Cyprus, have yielded fragments of four clay vessels bearing signs that clearly belong to the Cypro-Minoan script of the Late Bronze Age.

Pottery production and consumption in Early Iron Age Crete: the case of Thronos Kephala (ancient Sybrita)

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 165-222.

Recent years have seen a marked increase in interest in the Early Iron Age of Crete, focusing on sites which flourished in the centuries of the so called Dark Ages through to the emergence of the city-states dating from the 8th century BC onwards. Excavations at Knossos, Eleutherna, Thronos Kephala, and Kavousi, and surveys at Vrokastro and elsewhere bear witness to this renewed interest.

Patterns of exchange and mobility. The case of the Grey Ware in Middle and Late Minoan Crete

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 279-314.

New finds and important contributions have recently offered a fresh overview on wheel-made grey ware on Crete and have also provided an occasion for as update on pottery imported from outside Crete. As a result the list of Grey Ware in LM III contexts has been expanded, but mentions of such a ware in previous periods have been surprisingly neglected. The aim of this article is to re-examine the evidence of the Grey Ware on Crete, from the first appearance of Grey Minyan Ware to the later distribution of Grey Ware up to the LM IIIC period.

The Mycenaean settlements in the Sparta plain and the ancient traditions

Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 51 (2009) [2010]: 315-335.

In this note I assess the main Mycenaean settlements discovered in and around the Sparta plain and also try to interpret the ancient testimonia related to them. It is both customary and correct to present the more definite (i.e. the archaeological) evidence first and separately in such cases, before any speculative attempts to assign ancient names to particular sites.

Representations and interpretations of dance in the Aegean Bronze Age. Ritual dances in Cycladic and Minoan religions (Παραστάσεις και ερμηνείες χορού στο Αιγαίο την Εποχή του Χαλκού. Τελετουργικοί χοροί στην κυκλαδική και μινωική θρησκεία)

Athenische Mitteilungen 123 (2008) [2009]: 1-38.

Κατά τη διάρκεια της Εποχής του Χαλκού οι αιγαιακοί πολιτισμοί (κυκλαδικός, μινωικός) είχαν αναπτύξει τη μουσική και το χορό, που συνδέονταν με θρησκευτικές τελετουργίες. Υπάρχει ίσως μόνο μία κυκλαδική παράσταση χορού, η οποία απεικονίζεται σε μαρμάρινη πλάκα από τη Νάξο (ΠΚ ΙΙ-ΙΙΙ, π. 2700-2000 π.X.). Αργότερα, σε αντίθεση με τους κυκλαδίτες καλλιτέχνες, οι Μινωίτες απεικόνισαν χορευτικές σκηνές από ένα, δυο ή περισσότερα πρόσωπα σε διάφορα είδη τέχνης, π.χ. σε σφραγίδες, αποτυπώματα σφραγίδων, τοιχογραφίες, ειδώλια ή αγγεία.

The Late Bronze Age Near Eastern cylinder seals from Thebes (Greece) and their historical implications (Οι εισηγμένοι ανατολικοί σφραγιδοκύλινδροι της Ύστερης Εποχής του Χαλκού από την Θήβα (Βοιωτίας) και οι ιστορικές τους προεκτάσεις)

Athenische Mitteilungen 123 (2008) [2009]: 39-96.

To ετερογενές σύνολο εισηγμένων σφραγιδοκυλίνδρων από την Εγγύς Ανατολή, που ανακαλύφθηκε το 1963 σε ένα μυκηναϊκό ανακτορικό δωμάτιο στη Θήβα, αποτελεί έως σήμερα μοναδικό εύρημα στον χώρο του Αιγαίου. Πρόκειται για 7 παλαιοβαβυλωνιακούς, 12 κασιτικούς, 8 μιτανικούς, 4 κυπριακούς, 4 κυπρολεβαντινικούς, 3 μυκηναϊκούς, 1 χεττιτικό και έναν σφραγιδοκύλινδρο άγνωστης προέλευσης.

Holztüren an mykenischen Kammergräbern (Ξύλινες θύρες θαλαμωτών τάφων)

Athenische Mitteilungen 123 (2008) [2009]: 97-150.

To σφράγισμα του στομίου των θαλαμωτών τάφων μετά από μια μυκηναϊκή κηδεία γινόταν ως επί το πλείστον με το χτίσιμο της ξερολιθιάς και σπανιότερα με τη χρήση μιας λίθινης θύρας. H παραπάνω φράση μεγάλωσε γενιές αρχαιολόγων, ώστε όταν σκάβουμε έναν θαλαμωτό τάφο να είμαστε σίγουροι εκ των προτέρων για το τί περίπου θα συναντήσουμε στην είσοδο.