To assess the analytical accuracies and precisions of archaeometric elemental analyses by different techniques, a relatively homogeneous material such as obsidian must be studied. An assessment of published elemental concentration data from two Anatolian obsidian sources shows that while in most cases analytical accuracy is as high as is commonly expected, in some cases it is not.
Η Άνδρος, νησί μεγάλο και εύφορο, κυρίως όμως με γεωγραφική θέση ιδιαίτερα σημαντική από στρατηγική άποψη για θαλάσσια συγκοινωνία, αποτέλεσε διαχρονικά φυσικό χώρο για την ανάπτυξη μεγάλων οικισμών και πόλεων. Είναι γεγονός ότι η συγκυριακή, όπως πιστεύουμε, απουσία σημαντικών στοιχείων για τη Μυκηναϊκή Εποχή καθιστά, προς το παρόν, δύσκολο να κατανοηθεί η μετάβαση στη Γεωμετρική Εποχή. Κατά την τελευταία υπάρχει μεγάλη άνθηση στο νησί, καθώς με τα ως τώρα δεδομένα διαπιστώνεται αφενός δραστηριότητα τουλάχιστον από το τέλος του 10ου /αρχές 9ου αι. π.Χ. και αφετέρου ότι κατά το β' μισό του 8ου αι. π.Χ. ακμάζουν στη δυτική ακτή δύο μεγάλες οχυρωμένες πόλεις, η Ζαγορά και η Υψηλή.
Much has already been written about Heinrich Schliemann's excavations in Troia since 1870. Two main themes are apparent: biographical accounts in commentaries and memoirs of Schliemann's work and an overwhelming dossier of Schliemann's own publications, diaries, and letters.
Max Bergner, Barbara Horejs & Ernst PernickaStudia Troica 18 (2009): 249-272.
64 obsidian artefacts from the prehistoric settlement Çukuriçi Höyük near Ephesos were analyzed with neutron activation. The finds date from the Chalcolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Based on their trace element concentrations it could be shown that the overwhelming majority of the raw material derives from the Cycladic island of Melos.
In this paper the first results of the analyses of chipped stone artefacts from Yenibademli Höyük, Gökçeada / Imbros are presented. The settlement dates to the Early Bronze Age II period. The lithic data include more than 1000 stone artefacts, which belong to the categories of cores, cortical specimen, crested specimen, debris, flakes, blades and retouched tools. All raw material varieties were undergone pethrographical analyses. This way 5 raw material varieties have been distinguished, which were used in stone production.
Gebhard Bieg, Stephan W. E. Blum, Reyhan Körpe, Nurten Sevinç & Rüstem AslanStudia Troica 18 (2009): 199-228.
In 2001 a previously unknown settlement mound west of Karaköy on the Upper Karamenderes (Scamander) was largely damaged by looters. The material found on the site demonstrates that it was occupied mainly during the Troia I period. The Early Bronze Age village was destroyed in a major conflagration.
The Kesik plain is situated about 4 km west of troia. It is an indentation extending towards Yeniköy ridge from the Karamenderes delta-flood plain, and it covers an area of about 1 km2. Some investigators have supposed this low-lying area to be a convenient harbor location for Troia. A canal connecting the west side of the plain to the Aegean sea has been considered a waterway. Our investigations in the years of 1990 revealed that intruding sea into Karamenderes (Scamander) valley during the holocene transgression covered also Kesik plain and formed a small inlet.
Bernhard Weninger Studia Troica 18 (2009): 135-162.
In this paper a stratigraphically-referenced database capable of precise and accurate dating of pottery assemblages from the late Bronze age (lBa) at Troia (Periods VIVII) is presented. the database is constructed from information provided in the excavation reports of Carl f. Blegen, Cedric G. Boulter, John l. Caskey, and Marion Rawson (Blegen et al. 1953; 1958). The paper is focussed on quantifying the dating accuracy and precision that can be achieved with the new pottery database, when statistical seriation procedures (Correspondence analysis) are applied.
Canan Çakirlar & Ralf Becks Studia Troica 18 (2009): 87-104.
This paper presents the archaeological evidence for murex dye production at Troia and assesses the size and character of this industry at the site, based on archaeomalacological data from old and new excavations. The amalgamated data is compared with related evidence from other Bronze Age sites in the Mediterranean basin and considered in view of the requirements of a traditional murex dye industry. Present evidence shows that the production of purple dye at the settlement began already during the Troia VIa phase and continued until Troia VIIa. Hexaplex trunculus was the chief species used as raw material. We suggest that this major industry, indicated by the scale of accumulated crushed H. trunculus remains in the archaeological deposits, is linked to the flourishing textile industry at the site, both tied to the increasing Minoan influence in the Middle Bronze Age Aegean.
The subject matter of this paper is shellfish gathering activity at Troia; what was gathered, how and where; what the role of shellfish gathering was in the economy and diet of the settlement, how this role changed through time, and why. A great resource of over 54,000 archaeomalacological specimens is available to answer these questions. This is the largest archaeomalacological assemblage from the Aegean. All quantitative evidence derives from the results of the new excavations at Troia through the 2005 season.
Peter Jablonka & Ernst PernickaStudia Troica 18 (2009): 3-32.
According to the original plan for the years 2006 to 2009, the summer 2008 was supposed to be devoted to a study season. However, since it was not possible to locate the further course of the Troia VI defensive ditch in the east of the Lower City, excavation work continued in 2008 and the aim striven for was finally achieved. The results of both excavation seasons are represented in this report.
Frederik M. J. WaandersPasiphae. Rivista di filologia e antichità egee 3 (2009) : 225-232.
The chronological position of the Mycenaean dialect in between Proto-Greek and Classical Greek allows us to entertain some ideas about Mycenaean accentuation. In this paper, a selection of accentual topics will be dealt with: the limitation rule, the phonetic properties of short final diphthongs, the results of Proto-Greek contractions, the properispomenon rule, the accentuation of verbal forms, the recessive accentuation of some classes of substantive nouns, the accentuation of monosyllabic stem forms (3rd declension), and Wheeler’s law.
Serguey SharypkinPasiphae. Rivista di filologia e antichità egee 3 (2009) : 215-224.
The article concerns the problem of the suitability of Linear B for rendering the Greek language. Firstly, the author provides a short historical survey of the issue, emphasizing the fact that the history of mycenology can sometimes be instructive for the investigation of certain mycenological problems. Subsequently, the question of how the Mycenaean scribes could read and understand Greek words written using polyvalent syllabic signs is addressed.
Jean-Pierre OlivierPasiphae. Rivista di filologia e antichità egee 3 (2009) : 187-197.
Ce “Rapport 1996-2000…”, jusqu’à présent inédit, vient s’insérer entre le “Rapport 1991-1995…”, paru dans les Floreant Studia Mycenaea (1999, p. 419-435) et le “Rapport 2001-2005…”, publié dans le Colloquium Romanum (2008, p. 199-222). Il aurait dû voir le jour, il y a au moins quatre ans, dans un Austin Colloquium, toujours en gésine (février 2009). Il essaie de rendre compte de la situation des éditions des textes syllabiques crétois entre le colloque de 1995 et celui de 2000. Sa non-parution constituait un handicap pour les mycénologues (certains textes ne sont publiés – en transnumération – qu’ici), mais surtout en aurait été un pour les historiens de la discipline.