Aegean-Style Pottery in Syria and Lebanon during Iron Age I
Gunnar Lehmann in A.E. Killebrew & G. Lehmann (eds), 2013. The Philistines and other ‘Sea Peoples’ in Text and Archaeology [Archaeological and Biblical Studies 15], Atlanta/Georgia, 265-344.
Από την εισαγωγή (στα Αγγλικά)
Understanding and explaining the transition from Late Bronze Age to Iron Age in the Levant with its changes and continuities remains a major challenge for archaeology. Among the new elements appearing during the Iron Age in the Levant are decorated ceramics of the LH IIIC (LH IIIC) tradition. Mycenaean pottery (LH IIIA and IIIB) was imported already during the Late Bronze Age to Syria, but the LH IIIC styles of the Iron Age were mostly locally produced and had a wider distribution, appearing even in smaller, rural sites. Recent archaeological research has significantly increased the amount and the variety of Aegeanizing pottery styles in the northern Levant. This paper is a preliminary summary of Aegean and/or Aegeanizing pottery styles in Syria and Lebanon during Iron Age I and the implications connected with this phenomenon. The sites discussed here are located in Lebanon and Syria, but include also evidence from the Amuq Plain of the Hatay province in southeast Turkey. This paper aims at demonstrating that LH IIIC style ceramics are an integral and frequent part of the decorated early-Iron Age pottery of the northern Levant indicating close and continuous contacts during the twelfth and eleventh centuries B.C.E. between Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Cilicia, and the Aegean.