La fornace da vasaio TM IB di Haghia Triada. L’impianto (The LM IB ceramic kiln at Hagia Triada. The layout)
Francesco Tomasello Creta Antica 12 (2011): 131-198.
Περίληψη (στα Αγγλικά)
The aim of this paper is to deepen the investigation of the kiln published in 1975 by D. Levi and C. Laviosa, with commendable zeal and documentation. Construction details are now comparable with those of other kilns excavated in Late Minoan Crete. The furnace, even if we do not know the layout of the general complex, demonstrates a very significant technological and constructive expertise and long-term experience. The survey of the area near by the kiln did not give any clues to the extent of the Ergasterion. However, terracing walls and damp scores may be evidence of a larger layout developed on several levels, cut into the steep slope of the hillside. The model might not be dissimilar to that adopted in the context of the artisans’ quarters of Mochlos and Gouves. The general setting surely included large areas indoors and outdoors in proximity to the kiln unearthed. About its use as a pottery kiln, the presence ot silicate in association with calcite spatica, due to the fusion of wall and ceiling coatings, and recent archaeometrical researches seem conclusive.
According to the current typological classification the kiln is Type 2, with separate rooms and horizontal channels, widely attested between the MM III A and LM periods. Nine examples have been quoted by Evely (Zakro; Vathypetro; Knossos-EMS / 1-3; H. Triada, Knossos-House of Monolithic pillars/ a, b; Kannia-Mitropolis); we can add those of Kommos, Mochlos, Kokkino Phroudi, Festòs/I and Festòs/90. Outside of Crete two examples uncovered at Miletus should be mentioned. Some archaeometrical analysis would lead to the addition to the group of the furnace of Stylos-Chania. Such a large number of furnaces opens a comprehensive perspective on the technological developments of the type and possible regional variations, although their chronological sequence is yet to be verified.