Αιγεύς Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας

ΑΡΘΡΑ | 2019

Arsenic accumulation on the bones in the Early Bronze Age İkiztepe population, Turkey

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.5 (May 2010): 1033-1041.

In this study, arsenic, copper and lead content of a group of human and animal bones recovered from the Early Bronze Age İkiztepe site have been analyzed using ICP-MS method. Average arsenic value of 90 femur bones of a human was found to be 15.0 ± 5.79 ppm which was varied among age and sex groups, and among species. Origin of arsenic accumulation in bones was diagenetic because overall the groups were highly variable.

Strofilas (Andros Island, Greece): New evidence for the Cycladic Final Neolithic period through novel dating methods using luminescence and obsidian hydration

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.6 (June 2010): 1367-1377.

The recently excavated coastal prehistoric settlement of Strofilas on Andros Island (Cyclades, Greece) in the Aegean sheds new light on the transitional phase from the Final Neolithic to Early Cycladic period regarding masonry, fortification, and richly engraved rock art. The fortification possesses early evidence of preserved defensive architecture, as evidenced from the plethora of scattered finds from within and around the settlement. Important features are carvings on rock walls which mainly depict ships, animals, and fish.

Keeping an eye on your pots: the provenance of Neolithic ceramics from the Cave of the Cyclops, Youra, Greece

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.5 (May 2010): 1042-1052.

Combined petrographic and chemical analysis of MN and LN ceramics from the Cave of the Cyclops on the island of Youra, Greece, has revealed a compositionally diverse assemblage with a range of different local and off-island sources. Ceramics deposited in Neolithic times on this barren, rocky outpost of the Sporades chain may have originated from a surprising number of possible origins, including from the Plain of Thessaly, Euboea and the volcanic northeast Aegean islands.

Palaeogeographical reconstructions of Lake Maliq (Korça Basin, Albania) between 14,000 BP and 2000 BP

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.3 (March 2010): 525-535.

Since the early 1990s, excavations of a protohistoric lakeside settlement in the Korça basin carried out by a French–Albanian archaeological team have induced geomorphological and palynological studies about the sedimentary records of Lake Maliq. These studies allow us to distinguish a series of centennial-scale high and low lake level events between 4200 and 4000 cal BP (2899–2637 BC/2843–2416 BC) and 2600 cal BP (822–671 BC), probably due to large-scale climate changes (in the Mediterranean basin). In addition, the sediment sequence also gives evidence of a millennial-scale trend of lake level rise. It appears to be an interplay between lake level rises and falls against tectonic subsidence of the basin allowing accommodation space for sediment deposition.

How reliable are our published archaeometric analyses? Effects of analytical techniques through time on the elemental analysis of obsidians

Journal of Archaeological Science 37.2 (February 2010): 243-250.

To assess the analytical accuracies and precisions of archaeometric elemental analyses by different techniques, a relatively homogeneous material such as obsidian must be studied. An assessment of published elemental concentration data from two Anatolian obsidian sources shows that while in most cases analytical accuracy is as high as is commonly expected, in some cases it is not.

Άνδρος. Ιερά της γεωμετρικής και αρχαϊκής εποχής

Στο Δ. Ι. Κυρτάτας, Λ. Παλαιοκρασσά-Κόπιτσα & Μ. Τιβέριος (επιμ.), Εύανδρος, τόμος εις μνήμην Δημητρίου Ι. Πολέμη (Άνδρος 2009): 51-111.

Η Άνδρος, νησί μεγάλο και εύφορο, κυρίως όμως με γεωγραφική θέση ιδιαίτερα σημαντική από στρατηγική άποψη για θαλάσσια συγκοινωνία, αποτέλεσε διαχρονικά φυσικό χώρο για την ανάπτυξη μεγάλων οικισμών και πόλεων. Είναι γεγονός ότι η συγκυριακή, όπως πιστεύουμε, απουσία σημαντικών στοιχείων για τη Μυκηναϊκή Εποχή καθιστά, προς το παρόν, δύσκολο να κατανοηθεί η μετάβαση στη Γεωμετρική Εποχή. Κατά την τελευταία υπάρχει μεγάλη άνθηση στο νησί, καθώς με τα ως τώρα δεδομένα διαπιστώνεται αφενός δραστηριότητα τουλάχιστον από το τέλος του 10ου /αρχές 9ου αι. π.Χ. και αφετέρου ότι κατά το β' μισό του 8ου αι. π.Χ. ακμάζουν στη δυτική ακτή δύο μεγάλες οχυρωμένες πόλεις, η Ζαγορά και η Υψηλή.

Heinrich Schliemanns Ausgrabungen in Troia nach osmanischen Quellen

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 237-248.

Much has already been written about Heinrich Schliemann's excavations in Troia since 1870. Two main themes are apparent: biographical accounts in commentaries and memoirs of Schliemann's work and an overwhelming dossier of Schliemann's own publications, diaries, and letters.

Zur Herkunft der Obsidianartefakte vom Çukuriçi Höyük

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 249-272.

64 obsidian artefacts from the prehistoric settlement Çukuriçi Höyük near Ephesos were analyzed with neutron activation. The finds date from the Chalcolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Based on their trace element concentrations it could be shown that the overwhelming majority of the raw material derives from the Cycladic island of Melos.

The Early Bronze Age Lithic Industry in Yenibademli Höyük (Gökçeada / Imbros)

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 229-236.

In this paper the first results of the analyses of chipped stone artefacts from Yenibademli Höyük, Gökçeada / Imbros are presented. The settlement dates to the Early Bronze Age II period. The lithic data include more than 1000 stone artefacts, which belong to the categories of cores, cortical specimen, crested specimen, debris, flakes, blades and retouched tools. All raw material varieties were undergone pethrographical analyses. This way 5 raw material varieties have been distinguished, which were used in stone production.

Yesiltepe, eine Siedlung der Frühbronzezeit am Oberlauf des Skamander

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 199-228.

In 2001 a previously unknown settlement mound west of Karaköy on the Upper Karamenderes (Scamander) was largely damaged by looters. The material found on the site demonstrates that it was occupied mainly during the Troia I period. The Early Bronze Age village was destroyed in a major conflagration.

Kesik plain and Alacaligöl mound an assessment of the Paleogeography around Troia

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 105-128.

The Kesik plain is situated about 4 km west of troia. It is an indentation extending towards Yeniköy ridge from the Karamenderes delta-flood plain, and it covers an area of about 1 km2. Some investigators have supposed this low-lying area to be a convenient harbor location for Troia. A canal connecting the west side of the plain to the Aegean sea has been considered a waterway. Our investigations in the years of 1990 revealed that intruding sea into Karamenderes (Scamander) valley during the holocene transgression covered also Kesik plain and formed a small inlet.

Pottery seriation dating at Troia in the Middle and Late Bronze age based on the Cincinnati classification system

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 135-162.

In this paper a stratigraphically-referenced database capable of precise and accurate dating of pottery assemblages from the late Bronze age (lBa) at Troia (Periods VI–VII) is presented. the database is constructed from information provided in the excavation reports of Carl f. Blegen, Cedric G. Boulter, John l. Caskey, and Marion Rawson (Blegen et al. 1953; 1958). The paper is focussed on quantifying the dating accuracy and precision that can be achieved with the new pottery database, when statistical seriation procedures (Correspondence analysis) are applied.

“Murex” dye production at Troia: Assessment of Archaeomalacological Data from old and new excavations

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 87-104.

This paper presents the archaeological evidence for ‘murex’ dye production at Troia and assesses the size and character of this industry at the site, based on archaeomalacological data from old and new excavations. The amalgamated data is compared with related evidence from other Bronze Age sites in the Mediterranean basin and considered in view of the requirements of a traditional ‘murex’ dye industry. Present evidence shows that the production of purple dye at the settlement began already during the Troia VIa phase and continued until Troia VIIa. Hexaplex trunculus was the chief species used as raw material. We suggest that this major industry, indicated by the scale of accumulated crushed H. trunculus remains in the archaeological deposits, is linked to the flourishing textile industry at the site, both tied to the increasing Minoan influence in the Middle Bronze Age Aegean.

To the shore, back and again: Archaeomalacology at Troia

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 59-86.

The subject matter of this paper is shellfish gathering activity at Troia; what was gathered, how and where; what the role of shellfish gathering was in the economy and diet of the settlement, how this role changed through time, and why. A great resource of over 54,000 archaeomalacological specimens is available to answer these questions. This is the largest archaeomalacological assemblage from the Aegean. All quantitative evidence derives from the results of the new excavations at Troia through the 2005 season.

Vorbericht zu den Arbeiten in Troia 2007 und 2008 – Work in Troia in 2007 and 2008

Studia Troica 18 (2009): 3-32.

According to the original plan for the years 2006 to 2009, the summer 2008 was supposed to be devoted to a study season. However, since it was not possible to locate the further course of the Troia VI defensive ditch in the east of the Lower City, excavation work continued in 2008 and the aim striven for was finally achieved. The results of both excavation seasons are represented in this report.