Αιγεύς Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας

ΑΡΘΡΑ | 2019

The emergence and development of a round building tradition in the Aegean and Crete

The Mediterranean Archaeology & Archaeometry (MAA) 9.1 (2009): 89-113.

This paper examines the emergence of the non-submerged type of round building in the settlements of prehistoric Aegean, including Crete. It complements our earlier discussion of the Minoan evidence that concentrated on the properties of architectural form and the cultural semantics of its perishable structure. This work explores the common characteristics that this particular architectural genre acquires in the prehistoric communities of the Greek mainland, the Aegean islands and Crete, along with the features that seem to demarcate distinct chronological and geographical groupings.

Trading implements in early Troy: In memoriam Professor Manfred Korfmann

Anatolian Studies 59 (2009): 19-50.

The traditional view of Troy as a kind of central site presupposes balance weights and other artefacts that attest weighing procedures among the excavated material. Indeed, already in the works of Homer it is possible to find refer­ences to premonetary aspects (for example, the gold standard τάλαντον). The main purpose of this investigation is to provide an archaeological view on the issue of trading implements and their significance in early Troy.

The treasure deposits of Troy: rethinking crisis and agency on the Early Bronze Age citadel

Anatolian Studies 59 (2009): 1-18.

The treasure deposits of Troy have been largely studied in isolation from both architectural developments and other depositional contexts in Troia II—III. The corpus has been perceived as little more than a catalogue of information that can be assessed to outline various trends related to metallurgical production, expanding networks of exchange and fluctuations in economic wealth. Considerations of agency have been few and limited. This study relates the content and context of the treasures to depositional and architectural patterns that begin in Troia II.

Phases of childhood in Early Mycenaean Greece

Childhood in the Past: An International Journal 2.1 (April 2009): 15-32.

The paper examines the question of whether or not it is possible to distinguish age grades within childhood in Early Mycenaean Greece. The analysis centres upon burial evidence from the Argolid, the core-area of Mycenaean civilisation, from where the largest amount of material suitable for such an analysis is available. The study concludes that on the basis of the available evidence three major phases can be identified within childhood - up until 1-2 years; 1-2 to 5-6 years and post 5-6 years. These approximate age grades, however, appear to have been somewhat fluid and changed over time.

The debate on Aegean high and low chronologies: An overview through Egypt

Rivista di Archaeologia, anno XXXI 2007 [2009]: 53-65.

One of the most important problems which affect the reconstruction of the Aegean Late Bronze Age (LBA), and its significance in the Mediterranean world, is the absolute chronology of the Minoan LM I-II periods, and, in turn, the absolute dating of the mature LM I A Theran eruption, and their relationships with the Egyptian and Cypriote relative chronologies.

Wilusa: Reconsidering the evidence

Klio 91 (2009): 291-310.

A wide consensus among archaeologists and classicists today prevails that Ilios of the Homeric epics should be identified with the hill of Hisarlik. Moreover, a growing number of Hittitologists tends to believe, with less hesitance than before, that Taruisa of the Hittite texts should be identified with Troy and Wilusiya/Wilusa with (F)Ilios. A strong argument in favour of this view is, among others, the striking similarity between the names of the Wilusan ruler Alaksandu and Homeric Alexander (the second name of the unfortunate Trojan hero Paris).

Farfalle nell’Egeo: Una rassegna delle raffigurazioni dell’età del Bronzo nelle Cicladi, a Creta e nella Grecia continentale

Rivista di Archaeologia, anno XXXI (2007) [2009]: 29-51.

Among the Aegean Bronze Age images of the natural world, those of butterflies, which appear on various media (seals, signet-rings, gold leaf ornaments, ivory, frescoes) in Crete, in the Greek Mainland and in the Cyclades, play an interesting role, for their diffusion as well as for their possible symbolic meaning. This contribution collects and reviews all the representations of butterflies, in an overall view and on the basis of both iconographic and archaeological survey, with a particular attention of find contexts.

Life and death in the periphery of the Mycenaean world: Cultural processes in the Albanian Late Bronze Age

Ocnus 17 (2009): 11-22.

The identification and description of the Mycenaean type objects found in the late Bronze Age contexts of Albanian sites has been object of several previous publications. As objects that stand out from the characteristic types of the local cultures, the finds of Mycenaean types have received particular attention. They have served extensively in the establishment of the late Bronze Age, early Iron Age chronologies as well as in the characterization of some form of contacts between the Aegean and Albanian territories in the later prehistory.

Stable isotope analysis of the Middle Helladic population from two cemeteries at Asine: Barbouna and the East Cemetary

Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 9.2 (2009): 1-14.

In this paper we report the results of the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses of humans from two Middle Bronze Age cemeteries at Asine, Greece: Barbouna (n=6) and the East Cemetery (n=13). In general, the dietary pattern of adults and juveniles shows a heavy reliance on mainly terrestrial foods; C3 plants and a varying amount of animal protein (meat, milk or dairy products). The high nitrogen values of some individuals from the East cemetery indicate a substantial consumption of animal protein, although the carbon values show that no detectable amounts of marine foods, or C4 plants such as millet had been consumed.

Placing social interaction: an integrative approach to analyzing past built environments

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 28.4 (December 2009): 439-457.

A growing recognition of the vital role that built space plays in social reproduction has created a need for analytical methods and interpretive frameworks with which to investigate this relationship in archaeological datasets. I address this by developing an integrative approach that emphasizes the role of the built environment as the context for interactions through which social structures are created, transformed and reproduced.

Re-capturing the sea: The past and future of ‘Island Archaeology’ in Greece

Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 4.1 (2010): 16-26.

Research into past and present islands and coastal communities in Greece has long remained steeped in biogeographical concepts. An overview of relevant surface survey publications highlights their focus on landscape investigations, such as settlement patterns, mortuary landscapes, land use, soil analysis, botanical reconstructions and terracing.

“One, none, and a hundred thousand”: Settlements and identities in the prehistoric Mediterranean Islands

Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 4.1 (2010): 82-98.

This paper explores the relations between island settlement, identity and sense of place in the prehistoric Mediterranean. It uses modern examples and archaeological case studies to discuss the effects of colonisation and abandonment on island communities and the creation of distinctive identities as a form of cultural resistance.

Volcanoes, ice-cores and tree-rings: one story or two?

Antiquity 84, No. 323 (March 2010): 202–215.

Good archaeology relies on ever more precise dates – obtainable, notably, from ice-cores and dendrochronology. These each provide year-by-year sequences, but they must be anchored at some point to real historical time, by a documented volcanic eruption, for example. But what if the dating methods don't agree?

The Prehistoric Stones of Greece: a resource of archaeological surveys and sites

Antiquity 84, No. 323 (March 2010): online article.

The Prehistoric Stones of Greece (SOG) project began in 2005. Our main focus was chipped stone dated to the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods, but the project required us to collate for the first time in a standardised way, all the archaeological field surveys undertaken in Greece and the findspots and sites located. Published and unpublished sources were assembled, the latter including a variety of materials supplied by survey directors such as project daily record sheets, annotated maps and notebooks. The whole database is now publically available online.