Αιγεύς Εταιρεία Αιγαιακής Προϊστορίας

ΑΡΘΡΑ | 2020

The double-axe: A contextual approach to the understanding of a Cretan symbol in the Neopalatial period

Oxford Journal of Archaeology 29 (February 2010): 35-55.

The Double-Axe has always been considered as one of the most important religious symbols in Minoan Crete. This paper reassesses the significance of the Double-Axe and puts forward a new interpretation for it. It recognizes the great potential for change in symbolic meanings during the Bronze Age and seeks to understand the Double-Axe in as narrow a period as is realistically possible by filtering out evidence from other periods. Central to the argument is the principle that the meaning of symbols is contextually dependent.

Agency matters: Seal-users in Pylian administration

Oxford Journal of Archaeology 29 (February 2010): 57-88.

This study aims to provide insights into the patterns discernible in the Pylian sealing practices with regard to the identity of the seal-owners involved. The focus is on reassessing the problem of the function of glyptic imagery and on testing the working hypothesis that differences in the subject matter of the seal devices used to produce the seal impressions may have reflected the hierarchical status of the Pylian seal-owners.

Excavations at Politiko Kokkinorotsos. A Chalcolithic hunting station in Cyprus

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 75 (2009): 189-237.

Recent excavations at a small Chalcolithic site in central Cyprus show that it was occupied about 2880-2670 cal BC. Fallow deer form the major component of the substantial faunal sample: both these and other animals were hunted. The chipped stone, too, fits with a model of intensive meat exploitation

Private pantries and celebrated surplus: storing and sharing food at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Central Anatolia

Antiquity 83, No. 321 (September 2009): 649–668.

In the Neolithic megasite at Çatalhöyük families lived side by side in conjoined dwellings, like a pueblo. It can be assumed that people were always in and out of each others’ houses – in this case via the roof. Social mechanisms were needed to make all this run smoothly, and in a tour-de-force of botanical, faunal and spatial analysis the authors show how it worked. Families stored their own produce of grain, fruit, nuts and condiments in special bins deep inside the house, but displayed the heads and horns of aurochs near the entrance. While the latter had a religious overtone they also remembered feasts, episodes of sharing that mitigated the provocations of a full larder.

The early management of cattle (Bos taurus) in Neolithic central Anatolia

Antiquity 83, No. 321 (September 2009): 669–686.

The authors use metrical, demographic and body part analyses of animal bone assemblages in Anatolia to demonstrate how cattle were incorporated into early Neolithic subsistence economies. Sheep and goats were domesticated in the eighth millennium BC, while aurochs, wild cattle, were long hunted. The earliest domesticated cattle are not noted until the mid-seventh millennium BC, and derive from imported stock domesticated elsewhere. In Anatolia, meanwhile, the aurochs remains large and wild and retains its charisma as a hunted quarry and a stud animal.

Floor sequences in Neolithic Makri, Greece: micromorphology reveals cycles of renovation

Antiquity 83, No. 322 (December 2009): 955–967

Dating and examination of plaster floor sequences by micromorphology at a tell site in Greece shows when they were made and how they were composed. While numerous informal floor surfaces using recycled rubbish were put in place, as and when, by the occupants, formal floors rich in plaster seem to have been re-laid at regular intervals in reflection of a communal decision – even if the actual floors followed a recipe determined by each household. The authors rightly champion the potential of the technique as a possible indicator of social change at the household and settlement level.

For Gods or men? A reappraisal of the function of European Bronze Age shields

Antiquity 83, No. 322 (December 2009): 1052–1064.

Are the imposing, decorated copper-alloy shields of Bronze Age Europe symbolic objects or functioning weapons? The author undertakes new analysis and experiments to conclude that whether bronze, leather or wood, all shields had a range of purpose in which the ceremonial and homicidal could rarely be completely isolated.

Η Ήλιδα και η ευρύτερη περιοχή της κατά τη μυκηναϊκή εποχή

Στο Η. Ανδρέου & Ι. Ανδρέου-Ψυχογιού (επιμ.), 2009. Ήλις, παρελθόν, παρόν και μέλλον. Πρακτικά εκδήλωσης προς τιμήν Ν. Γιαλούρη (Ήλις, 13 Αυγούστου 2006) (Πύργος Ηλείας): 21-36.

Η συγγραφέας εξετάζει την περιοχή της Ηλείας κατά τη μυκηναϊκή περίοδο. Έμφαση δίνεται στην περιοχή της Αγίας Τριάδας, όπου βρέθηκαν 50 θαλαμωτοί τάφοι (40 στη θέση Αγιάννης και 10 στη θέση Σπηλιές). Συμπεριλαμβάνεται έγχρωμο φωτογραφικό υλικό πολλών ευρημάτων.

Ομάδα ταφικών πίθων από ένα νεκροταφείο γεωμετρικών χρόνων στην Τράπεζα Αιγίου

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 11-32.

Δώδεκα ταφικοί πίθοι ανασκάφτηκαν στη θέση Τράπεζα, κοντά στο Αίγιο (Αχαΐα). Ανάμεσα στα κτερίσματα υπήρχε κεραμική, κοσμήματα από χαλκό και σίδηρο, καθώς και σιδερένια όπλα. Με βάση την τυπολογική ανάλυση των κτερισμάτων οι τάφοι χρονολογούνται από τους Πρωτογεωμετρικούς έως τους Ύστερους Γεωμετρικούς χρόνους.

I sigilli del “Gruppo del suonatore di lira” dalla stipe dell’Athenaion di Jalysos (Lyre-Player Group seals from the repository of the Athenaion of Ialysos)

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 33-82.

The repository of the sanctuary of Athana Ialysia at Rhodes, excavated between 1923 and 1926, yielded more than 6300 pieces and is thus the most important on the island. The offerings date from the middle of the eighth to the end of the fourth century BC. Among these materials is an especially interesting group of seals of the Lyre-Player Group, comprising all of 27 specimens.

La ceramica fine del MM IIA di Festòs (The ceramic phase of MM IIA at Phaistos)

Annuario della Scuola Archeologica Italiana di Atene 2007 [2009]: 303-330.

The aim of this article is the presentation of the MM IIA ceramic phase of Protopalatial Phaistos. Since 1994, V. La Rosa and F. Carinci have been directing a new programme of excava­tions and revision of 1950-1966 Levi’s work at Phaistos, with support from the Italian Archaeological School in Athens

Iklaina archaeological project 2009 season. Internet report

Online article

The third excavation season of the Iklaina project took place for six weeks from May 29 to July 8, 2009. The project was conducted under the auspices of the Athens Archaeological Society and funded by the Hellenic Government-Karakas Foundation Chair in Greek Studies of the University of Missouri-St. Louis, the Institute for Aegean Prehistory, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Loeb Classical Library Foundation.

Warfare in Neolithic Thessaly: A case study

Hesperia 78 (2009): 165-194.

Cross-cultural archaeological and ethnographic evidence for warfare in farming societies invites us to reconsider the traditional picture of the Greek Neolithic (ca. 7000-3400 B.C.) as a period of peaceful coexistence among subsistence farmers. Archaeological correlates of intercommunal conflict in the prehistoric American Southwest and the widespread evidence for warfare in Neolithic Europe suggest that warfare is also likely to have taken place in Neolithic Greece. The well-known Neolithic record for Thessaly reveals evidence for warfare in defensive structures, weapons, and settlement patterns.

New reconstructions of the “Mykenaia” and a seated woman from Mycenae

American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009): 309-338.

Περίληψη (στα Αγγλικά)

This study presents evidence for reconstructing two frescoes, including the well-known “Mykenaia”, found at the Southwest Building at Mycenae. It argues that the “Mykenaia” did not depict a seated goddess facing right but a life-sized, standing woman striding to the left and that the other fresco portrays a half-life-sized enthroned woman, likely a goddess, facing right and

Royal gift exchange between Mycenae and Egypt: Olives as “greeting gifts” in the Late Bronze Age eastern Mediterranean

American Journal of Archaeology 113 (2009): 339-352.

Περίληψη (στα Αγγλικά)

Contact between Egypt and the Aegean during the Late Bronze Age, especially the relationship between Minoan Crete and New Kingdom Egypt, has been the subject of numerous studies. The relationship between the Greek (Mycenaean) mainland and Egypt is generally regarded as a more elusive topic, and most scholars seem to consider interaction between the two, as a